Diagnostics

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Assessment Of Acute Pain In Cats

Sheilah Robertson, BVMS (Hons), PhD, MRCVS, Diplomate ECVAA, ACVAA, ACAW, & ECAWBM (Welfare Science, Ethics and Law) Michigan State University The first of a 2-part series, Dr. Robertson emphasizes the importance of accurate pain assessment in order to provide the best pain management. To appropriately assess and treat pain in cats, the health care provider …

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The Practitioner’s Acid–Base Primer: Differential Diagnoses & Treatment

Lori S. Waddell, DVM, Diplomate ACVECC The first article of this 2-part series, Obtaining & Interpreting Blood Gases (May/June 2013), addressed techniques for obtaining blood gases and interpretation; this article further investigates metabolic and respiratory disturbances, including therapeutic measures for both. This article is the second in the 2-part series: The Practitioner’s Acid–Base Primer. The …

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Assessing Chronic Pain In Dogs

Mark E. Epstein, DVM, Diplomate ABVP (Canine/Feline), CVPP Finding precise, reliable, and accurate measures of chronic pain in animals is a difficult effort. However, much research has gone into developing measurement methods to evaluate chronic pain in dogs (and, more recently, cats); this article reviews the pain scales currently available. One thing clinicians and investigators …

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Diagnosis of Immune-Mediated Hemolytic Anemia

Todd Archer, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM, and Andrew Mackin, BSc, BVMS, Diplomate ACVIM Immune-mediated hemolytic anemia is one of the most common immune-mediated hematologic disorders in dogs and cats. Part 1 of this 2-article series discusses pathophysiology and diagnosis of IMHA, including patient predilection, history and clinical signs, physical examination, diagnostics, and differential diagnoses. Immune-mediated hemolytic …

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Lymphoma in Ferrets: A Diagnostic Challenge

Natalie Antinoff, DVM, Diplomate ABVP (Avian Practice) Ferret lymphosarcoma can occur anywhere in the body and clinical presentation and diagnostic results may vary, leading to incorrect diagnosis. A detailed review of the diagnostic approach to this common ferret disease is presented as well as the current challenges with regard to staging and grading for treatment …

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The Practitioner’s Acid–Base Primer: Obtaining & Interpreting Blood Gases

Lori S. Waddell, DVM, Diplomate ACVECC This article is the first in a 2-part series that addresses alterations in acid–base and respiratory function, which are common in both emergency patients as well as hospitalized, critically ill patients. Familiarity with obtaining and interpreting blood gases can be essential in the management of these patients. Part 1 …

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