Emergency Medicine/Critical Care
First Aid/Temporary Immobilization of Limb Fractures With Bandages and Splints
Some long bone fractures are best managed with bandages or splints for temporary “first aid” immobilization until definitive treatment via surgical fixation can be achieved; other fractures can be effectively managed with a splint or cast as the primary definitive treatment.
What Do Veterinarians Need to Know About Pets and Pot?
Veterinarians should be prepared to treat pets that have ingested marijuana as more states move to legalize or decriminalize marijuana use. They should also be prepared for questions about the therapeutic benefits of CBD and cannabis.
Treating Environmental Lung Injuries: Drowning and Smoke Inhalation
Respiratory Distress Management of a small animal with an environmental lung injury—e.g., due to drowning—differs from the care given for other types of respiratory compromise. Environmental lung injury can result from several causes, including drowning or smoke exposure from enclosed-space fires. Management of patients with environmental lung injuries differs from management of patients with the …
Are Normal Electrolytes Really Normal?
Electrolyte disturbances are frequently encountered in veterinary patients and may warrant close evaluation and monitoring. Diseases of the kidneys and gastrointestinal tract and endocrinopathies often result in changes to electrolytes.1-3 Accurate initial assessment and serial monitoring for trends in electrolyte disturbances are essential to guide appropriate treatment of the underlying condition. However, in certain situations, …
Anaphylactic Shock: How to Effectively Diagnose and Treat
Anaphylaxis is defined as the acute onset of a hypersensitivity reaction causing the release of mediators from mast cells and basophils. Anaphylaxis may be a life-threatening condition that can involve one or more organ systems.
The ADR (Ain’t Doing Right) Dog: Endocrine Emergencies
The owner reported that Lucky vomited in the car a week earlier when coming home from the groomer. Over the past week, Lucky’s appetite diminished but she seemed thirstier. Lucky had become progressively more lethargic and anorectic over the past 2 days….
Canine Pediatrics: The Vomiting Puppy
Justine A. Lee, DVM, Diplomate ACVECC & ABT VETgirl (vetgirlontherun.com) Leah A. Cohn, DVM, PhD, Diplomate ACVIM (Small Animal Internal Medicine) University of Missouri JP, a 6-week-old, 3.5-kg intact male pit bull mix, presented for anorexia, vomiting, and bloody diarrhea. He had been acquired from a flea market and seemed healthy but thin. HISTORY The …
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome & Sepsis, Part 2: Stabilization & Treatment
Erin McGowan, VMD, and Deborah Silverstein, DVM, Diplomate ACVECC University of Pennsylvania Early recognition of patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and sepsis is imperative in order to optimize the chance of patient survival. Early intervention is then necessary to minimize further tissue ischemia, cellular damage, and organ injury. Part 1 of this series—Systemic …
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome & Sepsis, Part 1: Recognition & Diagnosis
Deborah Silverstein, DVM, Diplomate ACVECC Small animals frequently present to veterinarians with vague signs of illness. The decision whether to treat dogs or cats symptomatically as outpatients or immediately perform diagnostics and recommend hospitalization requires an astute clinician and logical approach to: Patient history Physical examination Preliminary diagnostic findings. Animals with evidence of a widespread …