Endocrinology

Features

Treatment of Acute Pancreatitis in Dogs

This article addresses the major aspects of management of severe acute pancreatitis, including antiemetics, subcutaneous fluids, and a low-fat diet. More severe forms of pancreatitis require analgesia, nutritional management, antiemetics, gastrointestinal acid suppression, and correction of fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base abnormalities.

Clinical Insights

Chronic Pancreatitis in Cats

Pancreatitis is common among cats, although its exact incidence is unknown. The disease can take several forms—acute, chronic, and acute on chronic (an episode of acute pancreatitis in a patient with chronic pancreatitis)—and differentiating among the forms clinically and making an antemortem diagnosis in cats remain challenging.

Features

Managing Feline Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common endocrinopathy in cats, with reported prevalence rates ranging from 0.4% to 1.2%. Factors related to the patient’s diet and adiposity and the presence of comorbid conditions (e.g., acromegaly, pancreatitis) likely contribute to the pathogenesis of feline DM as well as influence response to therapy and chances for achieving remission.

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