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Endocrinology

Consider This Case: An Uncontrolled Diabetic Cat

Ann Della Maggiore, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM University of California—Davis Sugar, a 12-year-old spayed female Maine Coon cat, presented for poorly controlled diabetes and diabetic neuropathy. HISTORY Sugar was diagnosed with diabetes mellitus 2 years prior to presentation. Initially, her diabetes was moderately controlled on 5 to 6 units of recombinant human protamine zinc insulin (PZI) …

Canine Hypoadrenocorticism
Overview, Diagnosis, & Treatment

Maya Lottati DVM, PhD, and David Bruyette, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM (Internal Medicine) Addison’s disease has an overall low disease prevalence, and when combined with vague clinical signs and nonspecific clinicopathologic abnormalities, diagnosis is challenging. The authors identify the function of the adrenal cortex, forms of the disease, diagnostics, acute therapy, and long-term maintenance. Canine hypoadrenocorticism, …

Feline Hyperthyroidism:
Diagnosis & Therapeutic Modalities

David Bruyette, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM Hyperthyroidism is recognized as the most common endocrinopathy of older cats. Traditional therapeutic measures include thyroidectomy, radioactive iodine therapy, and antithyroid medications. A new therapeutic option—a limited-iodine diet that helps normalize thyroid hormone concentrations and alleviate clinical signs—is now available. Hyperthyroidism is recognized as the most common endocrinopathy of older …

Home Monitoring of Blood Glucose
Practical Tips for Incorporating It into Your Practice

Heather Lynch, RVT, LVT Great improvements in hand-held glucometer technology have made home monitoring of blood glucose possible for many owners of diabetic animals. Last year, the American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) issued the AAHA Diabetes Management Guidelines for Dogs and Cats,1 which included the following statement: “Home monitoring of blood glucose (BG) is ideal …

Systemic Hypertension in Dogs & Cats

  Amy Dixon-Jimenez, DVM; Gregg Rapoport, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM (Cardiology); and Scott A. Brown, VMD, PhD, Diplomate ACVIM Systemic arterial hypertension is increasingly recognized as a disease that impacts survival and quality of life for small animal patients and, as such, is being diagnosed with more frequency. Patients with hypertension (HT) are often subclinical or …

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