Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Dogs and Cats
Inflammatory bowel disease is a multifactorial disease of dogs and cats characterized by chronic enteropathies that can significantly impact quality of life. This article discusses the believed influences on gut inflammation, potential diagnostics, treatment options, and clinical outcomes in light of the most recent literature available.
Chronic Vomiting in Cats: When to Recommend Endoscopy
Kyle Restle, DVM Jacqueline Whittemore, DVM, PhD, DACVIM University of Tennessee School of Veterinary Medicine PET PEEVES Chronic vomiting in cats is a frustrating condition, and accurate diagnosis hinges on use of a systematic approach. Endoscopy is warranted after systemic diseases have been ruled out, particularly in cases without solitary jejunal disease. Chronic vomiting is …
Intestinal Microbes and Digestive System Disease in Dogs
Jan S. Suchodolski, MedVet, DrVetMed, PhD, AGAF, DACVM Texas A&M University The intestinal microbiota comprises viruses, bacteria, fungi, and protozoa. In the past, the word microflora has been used to describe this complex ecosystem, but microbiota (from –bios, “living organisms”) is the more appropriate term. The microbiome is the collective genome of all these microbes. …
Gastric Dilatation and Volvulus: Stabilization and Surgery
Gastric dilatation and volvulus (GDV) is an acute, life-threatening disorder in dogs, characterized by abnormal twisting of the stomach on its mesenteric axis, with subsequent gastric gas accumulation and distention.
Lower Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Series, Part 2: Lower Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Techniques
Lower gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy is a minimally invasive diagnostic technique that allows the clinician to evaluate the mucosal surfaces…
The Yellow Cat: Diagnostic & Therapeutic Strategies
There is no mystery when it comes to a “yellow” cat. Icterus and jaundice—both of which describe a yellowish pigmentation of the skin—indicate hyperbilirubinemia, a 5- to 10-fold elevation in serum bilirubin concentration.
However, this is where the certainty ends and the diagnostic challenge begins. The icteric cat presentation is not a sensitive or specific marker of disease, despite the visually obvious and impressive clinical sign…
Lower Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Series, Part 1: Overview of Lower Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Lower gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy is a minimally invasive diagnostic technique that allows the clinician to evaluate the mucosal surfaces of the rectum, colon, ileocolic sphincter, cecum, and distal small intestine (ileum).
Medications for Acute Vomiting: Dogs & Cats
P. Jane Armstrong, DVM, MS, MBA, Diplomate ACVIM
Symptomatic Management of Primary Acute Gastroenteritis
Acute gastroenteritis is a term used to describe a syndrome characterized by the sudden onset of vomiting and/or diarrhea caused by gastrointestinal mucosal inflammation…