Imaging Essentials: Ultrasonography of the Gastrointestinal Tract—Ileum, Cecum, Colon
Elizabeth Huynh, DVM Clifford R. Berry, DVM, DACVR University of Florida Welcome to our series of articles on small animal abdominal ultrasonography. The initial articles provided an overview of basic ultrasonography principles and a discussion about how to perform a systematic scan of the abdomen. The rest of the series discusses ultrasound evaluation of specific …
Gastroenterology: Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Dogs and Cats
Kayode Garraway, DVM Karin Allenspach, DVM, PhD, DECVIM-CA Albert Jergens, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVIM (SAIM) Iowa State University College of Veterinary Medicine CREATURE DISCOMFORTS Inflammatory bowel diseases are the most common cause of chronic vomiting and diarrhea in dogs and cats. The term IBD is used to describe a group of conditions characterized by inflammation …
Intestinal Microbes and Digestive System Disease in Dogs
Jan S. Suchodolski, MedVet, DrVetMed, PhD, AGAF, DACVM Texas A&M University The intestinal microbiota comprises viruses, bacteria, fungi, and protozoa. In the past, the word microflora has been used to describe this complex ecosystem, but microbiota (from –bios, “living organisms”) is the more appropriate term. The microbiome is the collective genome of all these microbes. …
Gastric Dilatation and Volvulus: Stabilization and Surgery
Gastric dilatation and volvulus (GDV) is an acute, life-threatening disorder in dogs, characterized by abnormal twisting of the stomach on its mesenteric axis, with subsequent gastric gas accumulation and distention.
To Feed or Not to Feed? Controversies in the Nutritional Management of Pancreatitis
nutritional management of pancreatitis continues to be guided primarily by the human literature and clinical experience due to lack of controlled clinical trials. Any…
Lower Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Series, Part 2: Lower Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Techniques
Lower gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy is a minimally invasive diagnostic technique that allows the clinician to evaluate the mucosal surfaces…
The Yellow Cat: Diagnostic & Therapeutic Strategies
There is no mystery when it comes to a “yellow” cat. Icterus and jaundice—both of which describe a yellowish pigmentation of the skin—indicate hyperbilirubinemia, a 5- to 10-fold elevation in serum bilirubin concentration.
However, this is where the certainty ends and the diagnostic challenge begins. The icteric cat presentation is not a sensitive or specific marker of disease, despite the visually obvious and impressive clinical sign…
Lower Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Series, Part 1: Overview of Lower Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Lower gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy is a minimally invasive diagnostic technique that allows the clinician to evaluate the mucosal surfaces of the rectum, colon, ileocolic sphincter, cecum, and distal small intestine (ileum).
Medications for Acute Vomiting: Dogs & Cats
P. Jane Armstrong, DVM, MS, MBA, Diplomate ACVIM