Gastroenterology/Hepatology

Endoscopy Essentials Part 1: Overview of Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy

Julie Callahan Clark, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM Welcome to our newest column in Today’s Veterinary Practice—Endoscopy Essentials. Similar to the approach of our Imaging Essentials column, which addresses imaging by anatomic location, each article in this column will discuss endoscopic evaluation of a specific body system, reviewing indications, disease abnormalities, and proper endoscopic technique. Endoscopy Essentials articles …

Therapeutic Updates in Veterinary Toxicology

Justine A. Lee, DVM, Diplomate ACVECC & ABT Dr. Lee presents recent updates to therapeutic approaches for treating poisoned pets, including use of correct emetic agents, indications for gastric lavage, monitoring for hypernatremia, and the role of intravenous lipid emulsion. A number of new or improved therapeutic approaches are being applied in the field of …

Journal Club: Focus On Feline Gastroenterology

The recent literature focus of feline gastroenterology is on small bowel disease, especially inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and lymphoma. Norsworthy and colleagues documented that chronic small bowel disease (CSBD) is a cause of chronic vomiting, with or without weight loss, and outlined the process of diagnosis. The study also determined that CSBD is usually a …

Acute Abdomen in Dogs & Cats
Step-by-Step Approach to Patient Care

Garret Pachtinger, VMD, Diplomate ACVECC Acute gastrointestinal distress and abdominal pain require prompt evaluation and immediate intervention. They also prompt the practitioner to ask: Does the patient require medical or surgical management? This article presents the important answers to that question. Acute gastrointestinal (GI) distress and abdominal pain require prompt evaluation and immediate intervention to …

GI Intervention: Approach to Diagnosis &Therapy of the Patient With Acute Diarrhea

P. Jane Armstrong, DVM, MS, MBA, Diplomate ACVIM Diarrhea can be defined as increased fecal fluidity, usually accompanied by increased defecation frequency and volume of feces. Most cases of diarrhea are mild and self-limiting, requiring minimal diagnostics and therapy. Life-threatening cases can occur, however, that require greater diagnostic efforts and intensive care. ACUTE VERSUS CHRONIC …

GI Intervention: Approach to Diagnosis & Therapy of the Vomiting Patient

P. Jane Armstrong, DVM, MS, MBA, Diplomate ACVIM Vomiting is a common clinical complaint in both dogs and cats and a clinical sign common to diseases of many body systems. Management includes controlling vomiting, addressing underlying causes, and correcting fluid and electrolyte abnormalities. Vomiting is a very common clinical complaint in both dogs and cats. …

Endoscopic Equipment for the Veterinary Practitioner

Julie Callahan Clark, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM Endoscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that allows the examiner to look within an organ or body cavity and gain diagnostic information, which includes grossly evaluating an area of interest and obtaining tissue for histopathologic evaluation. While gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy represents the most common use in veterinary medicine, endoscopes …

Consider This Case
Hepatocutaneous Syndrome in a Shiba Inu

Joel D. Ray, DVM, MS Consider This Case Overview This case report describes a 13-year-old Shiba Inu diagnosed with canine hepatocutaneous syndrome (HCS). The initial presenting signs were dull moth-eaten hair coat with erythema, crusts on the feet, and discoloration of pedal hairs. Diagnosis of HCS was made based on abdominal ultrasound and histopathology of …

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