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https://todaysveterinarypractice.com/table-of-contents-january-february-2021/

Nutrition

Nutrition for Small Animal Cancer Patients

Clients will have questions about popular “cancer diets,” making it critical for practitioners to understand how they might affect a patient.

Clients may be confused by outside advice on the best diet for their pet with cancer. Look to the science to cut through the noise, and be sure to understand how cancer treatment could cause gaps in nutrition.

Performing a Diet Trial to Identify Food Allergies in Dogs and Cats

A complete diagnostic elimination–challenge diet trial isolates the cause of adverse food reactions through 4 phases.

Confirmation of an adverse food reaction depends on reduction or resolution of clinical signs while the animal is being fed a strict elimination diet, recurrence of clinical signs when the animal’s diet is challenged, and resolution of signs after the elimination diet has been reinstated.

Nutritional Management for Chronic Kidney Disease Versus Acute Kidney Injury

Dietary management is a valuable, and sometimes overlooked, aspect of managing patients dogs and cats with CKD or AKI.

Important differences exist in the nutritional management of CKD versus AKI in dogs and cats. We review the best diets for dogs and cats with chronic kidney disease versus those with acute kidney injury.

Probiotics, Prebiotics, Synbiotics, and Intestinal Health of Dogs and Cats

Probiotics for dogs and cats have become more prevalent. But probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics have shown beneficial effects on some GI disorders in various clinical trials.

Probiotics for dogs and cats have become more popular with pet owners. Probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics have shown beneficial effects on some GI disorders in various clinical trials.

Fish Oil Dosing in Pet Diets and Supplements

EPA and DHA may be beneficial in disease states, but use care when recommending EPA and DHA–containing VTDs and pet supplements concurrently.

EPA and DHA may be beneficial in disease states, but use care when recommending EPA and DHA–containing VTDs and pet supplements concurrently.

Nutritional Intervention for Canine Cognitive Dysfunction

Many pet owners dismiss subtle behavioral changes in aging pets, which could be indicative of cognitive dysfunction syndrome. Veterinarians should learn to screen for CDS and know about the available treatments to alleviate the effects, including nutritional supplementation.

Caloric Restriction Without Malnutrition

Caloric Restriction Without Malnutrition

One concern with weight-loss programs is that use of inappropriate diets and/or levels of caloric restriction can lead to inadequate nutrient intake, resulting in nutritional deficiencies. Severe caloric restriction can also have adverse metabolic effects that work against achieving successful, safe weight loss. This article provides guidance for calculating caloric requirements for an obesity management plan to avoid the adverse effects of severe caloric restriction, as well as for choosing an appropriate diet for weight-loss programs to avoid nutritional deficiencies.

Nutrition and Canine Osteoarthritis: What Do We Know?

Can the New Zealand green-lipped mussel be useful in treating dogs suffering with osteoarthritis? The (research) jury is still out. While there is no known cure for degenerative joint disease, there are nutritional approaches that can play an important role in helping your patients with OA.

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