Ophthalmology

Ophthalmology
Acute Glaucoma: A True Emergency

Shelby Reinstein, DVM, MS, DACVO Veterinary Specialty and Emergency Center Levittown, Pennsylvania PRONE BREEDS Primary glaucoma is strongly breed related, and some of the most commonly affected dog breeds are the beagle, basset hound, Boston terrier, cocker spaniel, and shar-pei. THE BASICS OF GLAUCOMA Glaucoma is an elevation of the intraocular pressure (IOP) with associated …

Diagnosing Acute Blindness in Dogs

Vision loss can occur gradually or manifest acutely in dogs, but acute and complete blindness can be particularly devastating. The abrupt nature of this blindness is very disconcerting for all involved and pet owners may make hasty conclusions and decisions. A thorough general and ophthalmic history is crucially important to the investigation of blindness because differential diagnoses can be quite different depending upon the onset and duration of the deficits. As the history is being gathered, confirmation of vision—or the lack thereof—should be performed. Note that some patients—those with neurologic disease and aged animals with cognitive dysfunction—may behave as if they are visually impaired even though their visual systems are functional.

Observations in Ophthalmology: Clinical Approach to Canine Eyelid Disease: Blepharitis

Brian L. White, DVM, and Ellen B. Belknap, DVM, MS, Diplomate ACVO & ACVIM (Large Animal) Metropolitan Veterinary Hospital, Akron, Ohio Eyelid disease is a common clinical challenge for general practitioners. Erythema, alopecia, edema, and conjunctival hyperemia are hallmark signs that occur due to pronounced vascularity of the eyelids. Inflammation may be focal or diffuse, …

Practical Techniques from the NAVC Institute: Addressing Brachycephalic Ocular Syndrome in the Dog

Caryn E. Plummer, DVM, Diplomate ACVO Each year, the NAVC Institute takes place in Orlando, Florida, and top specialists in select areas of veterinary medicine provide hands-on, one-on-one continuing education to Institute attendees.The NAVC and Today’s Veterinary Practice have partnered together to present the Practical Techniques from the NAVC Institute column, which includes material from …

Diagnosis & Treatment of Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca in Dogs

Lori J. Best, DVM; Diane V.H. Hendrix, DVM, Diplomate ACVO; and Daniel A. Ward, DVM, PhD, Diplomate ACVO Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), is a relatively common condition in dogs, although the diagnosis is often overlooked. This article provides guidance on the pathophysiology, causes, diagnosis, and medical and surgical treatment for this condition. Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) is …

Clinical Approach to the Canine Red Eye

Elizabeth Barfield Laminack, DVM; Kathern Myrna, DVM, MS; and Phillip Anthony Moore, DVM, Diplomate ACVO The acute red eye is a common clinical challenge for general practitioners. Redness is the hallmark of ocular inflammation but a nonspecific sign related to a number of underlying diseases. Proper evaluation depends on effective and efficient diagnosis in order …

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