Critical Care Are Normal Electrolytes Really Normal?
Electrolyte disturbances are frequently encountered in veterinary patients and may warrant close evaluation and monitoring. Diseases of the kidneys and gastrointestinal tract and endocrinopathies often result in changes to electrolytes.1-3 Accurate initial assessment and serial monitoring for trends in electrolyte disturbances are essential to guide appropriate treatment of the underlying condition. However, in certain situations, …
Top 10 Toxicologic Causes of Hypoglycemia in Dogs
A discussion about the 10 most common toxicologic causes of hypoglycemia in the dog, including the sago palm tree, xylitol, NSAIDs, zinc and aluminum phosphide.
Toxicity of Art Supplies
Welcome to Practical Toxicology, brought to you in partnership between Today’s Veterinary Practice and the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center (APCC) (aspcapro.org/poison). This column provides practical clinical information about diagnosing and treating pets that have been exposed to potentially harmful substances. The APCC: Provides 24-hour diagnostic and treatment recommendations by specially trained veterinary toxicologists Protects …
Feeding Dogs with Chronic Kidney Disease: What the Evidence Can and Can’t Tell Us
NUTRITION STRATEGY Manipulating a patient’s diet can slow the progression of CKD, minimize uremic symptoms, and improve quality of life. Nutrition is arguably the most important aspect of chronic kidney disease (CKD) management. Manipulating the composition of a patient’s diet can slow the progression of CKD, minimize uremic symptoms, and improve quality of life. A …
Understanding the Cat
PRACTICING CAT FRIENDLY The articles presented by American Association of Feline Practitioners (AAFP) focus on feline-specific information on cats’ unique behaviors; diagnosis and evaluation of disease and conditions; better approaches and techniques for cats; and strategies to decrease stress associated with the veterinary visit for cats, caregivers, and your team. BEHAVIORAL RESPONSES Cats caged against …
Head Tilt in Dogs: A Clinical Approach
Head tilt in dogs is a clinical presentation that most veterinarians encounter frequently in practice, most often due to dysfunction of the vestibular system.
Practice Step by Step: Providing Supplemental Oxygen to Patients
SUPPLEMENTAL OXYGEN TECHNIQUE For larger dogs, nasal lines can be easily placed using a cathether inserted via the ventral meatus to the level of the medial canthus. Supplemental oxygen is an important treatment for animals with signs of respiratory distress. Hypoxia refers to low tissue oxygen concentrations and can occur for several reasons (TABLE 1). …
Management Strategies: MRSA in the Veterinary Clinic – Management of Pets and People
Malia Ireland, DVM, MPH, Leslie Kollmann, BS, CVT, AAS, Joni Scheftel, DVM, MPH, DACVPM Staphylococcus aureus is a human-host adapted, Gram-positive bacteria commonly found on the skin and in the nasal passages of people. Often considered a commensal organism, it is also an opportunistic pathogen, causing skin and invasive infections. Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) was …
Focus On: Hypothermia in the Operating Room
Keeping any anesthetized animal from hypothermia before, during, and after surgery is challenging. Here’s how to keep the patient warm.