Gait Abnormality: Musculoskeletal or Neurologic Condition?
TIME-SAVING ASSESSMENT Have a veterinary nurse video record the patient’s gait with a smartphone. When an animal is presented to you with a history of lameness or a gait abnormality, you need to determine whether the problem is musculoskeletal, neurologic, or both, so you can recommend the appropriate treatment. To arrive at an appropriate diagnosis, …
Chronic Kidney Disease Screening and Confirmation Testing in Cats
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of the most commonly diagnosed conditions in older cats. A 1992 study of 2228 cats found 31% of cats older than 10 years to be affected1; a smaller and more recent study of a random cohort of cats found incidence to be 50%.2 New testing options may help you …
Feline Medicine Sedation for Cats with Cardiovascular Disease
MINIMIZING ANESTHESIA RISKS There are no safe sedative or anesthetic drugs, just safe delivery practices. Cats represent a large part of the US pet population; as of 2012, the approximately 74.1 million cats outnumbered the approximately 69.9 million dogs in this country. Although these numbers represent an overall decline in dog and cat populations, the …
Pandora Syndrome in Cats: Diagnosis and Treatment
Providing an environment that is compatible with cats’ behavioral needs often seems to mitigate the effects of at least some manifestations of Pandora syndrome in addition to promoting their general health and welfare.
Critical Care Are Normal Electrolytes Really Normal?
Electrolyte disturbances are frequently encountered in veterinary patients and may warrant close evaluation and monitoring. Diseases of the kidneys and gastrointestinal tract and endocrinopathies often result in changes to electrolytes.1-3 Accurate initial assessment and serial monitoring for trends in electrolyte disturbances are essential to guide appropriate treatment of the underlying condition. However, in certain situations, …
Top 10 Toxicologic Causes of Hypoglycemia in Dogs
A discussion about the 10 most common toxicologic causes of hypoglycemia in the dog, including the sago palm tree, xylitol, NSAIDs, zinc and aluminum phosphide.
“Mindfulness” has become a “buzz” word lately and with good reason; however, what we call mindfulness has been around for thousands of years. The practice of mindfulness involves intentionally being fully present in each moment with kindness, nonjudgmentally and without striving for things to be any different than they are. It provides a way to …
Toxicity of Art Supplies
Welcome to Practical Toxicology, brought to you in partnership between Today’s Veterinary Practice and the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center (APCC) (aspcapro.org/poison). This column provides practical clinical information about diagnosing and treating pets that have been exposed to potentially harmful substances. The APCC: Provides 24-hour diagnostic and treatment recommendations by specially trained veterinary toxicologists Protects …
Feeding Dogs with Chronic Kidney Disease: What the Evidence Can and Can’t Tell Us
NUTRITION STRATEGY Manipulating a patient’s diet can slow the progression of CKD, minimize uremic symptoms, and improve quality of life. Nutrition is arguably the most important aspect of chronic kidney disease (CKD) management. Manipulating the composition of a patient’s diet can slow the progression of CKD, minimize uremic symptoms, and improve quality of life. A …