Respiratory Medicine

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Practice Step by Step: Providing Supplemental Oxygen to Patients

SUPPLEMENTAL OXYGEN TECHNIQUE For larger dogs, nasal lines can be easily placed using a cathether inserted via the ventral meatus to the level of the medial canthus. Supplemental oxygen is an important treatment for animals with signs of respiratory distress. Hypoxia refers to low tissue oxygen concentrations and can occur for several reasons (TABLE 1). …

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Approach to Respiratory Distress in Dogs & Cats

Managing dogs and cats in respiratory distress is a multifaceted effort that involves stabilizing patients prior to determining a definitive diagnosis. Fortunately, respiratory distress—no matter what the cause—requires somewhat standardized interventions during initial stabilization…

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Breed-Specific Respiratory Disease In Dogs: From Bulldogs To Terriers

Elizabeth Rozanski, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM (Small Animal Internal Medicine) & ACVECC Respiratory diseases and respiratory distress are common in dogs.1 Due to unique breed characteristics, including anatomic features, breed predilection exists for many respiratory conditions. As in all aspects of veterinary medicine, breed characteristics are remarkably useful in the initial generation of a differential diagnosis …

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Infectious Respiratory & Canine Cranial Cruciate Diseases

The following statistics were extracted from data collected from the medical records of nearly 2.2 million dogs and 460,000 cats cared for in more than 800 Banfield Pet Hospitals (banfield.com) in 2012. Note that diagnosis was made based on the attending clinician’s judgment. INFECTIOUS RESPIRATORY DISEASE…BY THE NUMBERS Of all pets presented to Banfield Pet …

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Vaccination of Cats Against Infectious Upper Respiratory Disease

Richard B. Ford, DVM, MS, Diplomate ACVIM & ACVPM (Hon) Dr. Ford highlights the several important variables that influence both the justification to vaccinate for feline infectious respiratory disease and the quality of immunity derived from vaccination. Four vaccines are currently available to aid in the prevention of upper respiratory disease (URD) in cats associated …

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Canine Chronic Bronchitis: A Review & Update

Kevin J. Kumrow, DVM, and Elizabeth A. Rozanski, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM (Small Animal Internal Medicine) & ACVECC Cough is a common clinical sign in dogs. There are many possible causes; identification and therapy of the specific cause is more likely to result in an amelioration of clinical signs than nonspecific supportive care. Common causes of …

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Feline Rhinitis & Upper Respiratory Disease   

Claire R. Sharp, BSc, BVMS (Hons), MS, CMAVA, Diplomate ACVECC A 5-year-old cat with nasal discharge and sneezing is presented at your practice. What are your differential diagnoses? What diagnostics do you pursue? Depending on the diagnosis, what treatment options can you initiate? Upper respiratory tract (URT) diseases are remarkably common in cats and can …

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