Focus On: Pharmacology
Hypothermia in the Operating Room
Keeping any anesthetized animal from hypothermia before, during, and after surgery is challenging. Here’s how to keep the patient warm.
Ferret Distemper: What You Need to Know
Leonie Kondert, DVM Joerg Mayer, DVM, MS, DABVP, DACZM University of Georgia Distemper is an acute viral infectious disease with reported mortality rates in ferrets of 100%.1–5 Prevalence depends on the area, recent outbreaks have been documented in multiple countries.1,4 Since the invention of a vaccine against canine distemper virus (CDV) in the 1960s, the …
Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that is of importance in human and veterinary medicine due to its zoonotic potential. With early and aggressive treatment that includes attentive monitoring, prognosis for recovery is excellent.
Veterinary Behavior Medications: Which Medication, Which Patient?
At the core of state-of-the-art multimodal treatment is smart, rational, and effective use of behavioral medication.
The best treatment approaches in veterinary behavioral medicine are often multimodal. At the core of state-of-the art multimodal treatment is smart, rational, and effective use of behavioral medication.
Use of Antibiotics for Treating UTIs in Dogs and Cats
Understanding drug pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics is essential when determining the most effective antibiotic therapy for UTIs in dogs and cats.
Most UTIs in dogs and cats are successfully treated with commonly used drugs, dosages, and administration intervals. However, infections can be challenging to effectively treat when they involve the kidneys (pyelonephritis) and prostate (prostatitis)…
Oral Cyclosporine Use in Dogs
Originally derived from a soil fungus, cyclosporine is a powerful immunosuppressive drug that was initially used in humans to prevent rejection of transplanted organs.1-3 In 2003, oral cyclosporine capsules (Atopica, novartis.com) received Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval for treatment of atopy in dogs. Extralabel use of cyclosporine includes: Treatment of a variety of inflammatory …
Methimazole: Management of Feline Hyperthyroidism
David Bruyette, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM (Internal Medicine) VCA West Los Angeles Animal Hospital & Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation and Consultation Methimazole (oral and transdermal) is a safe and effective medication for the treatment of feline hyperthyroidism. Dr. Bruyette discusses drug administration and monitoring, plus 10 key points of owner education. Methimazole is commonly used for the …
Management of Chronic Pain in Cats
Dinah G. Jordan, BSPh, RPh, Pharm D, FSVHP, Diplomate ICVP, and Joel D. Ray, DVM, MS Chronic pain in cats is commonly associated with malignancy, chronic inflammation, orthopedic disorders, chronic soft tissue injury, and nervous tissue injury.1 It is often difficult to recognize because the signs may be subtle, such as:2 Hiding/withdrawing from humans or other …
Fundamentals for Today’s Insulin Therapy
Michael Schaer, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM & ACVECC & Thomas Schermerhorn, VMD, Diplomate ACVIM (Small Animal Internal Medicine) The veterinary profession has had to adjust the treatment of the diabetic patient due to changes in insulin production and availability. Most of the products used in dogs and cats are dictated by products used in humans. …