Alfaxalone: An Old Drug in a New Formulation
Alfaxalone has been used to induce general anesthesia for many years, but only recently has a new formulation with preservatives become available in the United States. This formulation has a shelf life of 28 days after first use. It is approved for IV administration to induce and maintain general anesthesia in dogs and cats; however, it is also used via the IM route for induction and sedation (off label).
Mirtazapine: Addressing Appetite in Cats
A review of the studies of oral mirtazapine—which stimulates appetite—and current recommendations for cats, including normal cats, geriatric cats, and cats with kidney or liver disease.
Pimobendan and Heart Disease
Pimobendan is a benzimidazole-pyridazinone derivative, labeled for use in dogs to manage congestive heart failure (CHF) resulting from dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) or degenerative mitral valve disease (DMVD) in the United States. On the basis of its positive inotropic effects combined with arteriovenous dilation, it is classified as an inodilator.1 In this article, we provide relevant …
Focus On: Hypothermia in the Operating Room
Keeping any anesthetized animal from hypothermia before, during, and after surgery is challenging. Here’s how to keep the patient warm.
Focus On Ferret Distemper: What You Need to Know
Leonie Kondert, DVM Joerg Mayer, DVM, MS, DABVP, DACZM University of Georgia Distemper is an acute viral infectious disease with reported mortality rates in ferrets of 100%.1–5 Prevalence depends on the area, recent outbreaks have been documented in multiple countries.1,4 Since the invention of a vaccine against canine distemper virus (CDV) in the 1960s, the …
Focus On: Leptospirosis
Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that is of importance in human and veterinary medicine due to its zoonotic potential. With early and aggressive treatment that includes attentive monitoring, prognosis for recovery is excellent.