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Clinical Insights

Ferret Distemper: What You Need to Know

Leonie Kondert, DVM Joerg Mayer, DVM, MS, DABVP, DACZM University of Georgia Distemper is an acute viral infectious disease with reported mortality rates in ferrets of 100%.1–5 Prevalence depends on the area, recent outbreaks have been documented in multiple countries.1,4 Since the invention of a vaccine against canine distemper virus (CDV) in the 1960s, the …

Clinical Insights

Leptospirosis

Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that is of importance in human and veterinary medicine due to its zoonotic potential. With early and aggressive treatment that includes attentive monitoring, prognosis for recovery is excellent.

Clinical Insights

Oral Cyclosporine Use in Dogs


 Todd Archer, DVM, MS, Diplomate ACVIM, and Andrew Mackin, BSc, BVMS, Diplomate ACVIM, Mississippi State University Originally derived from a soil fungus, cyclosporine is a powerful immunosuppressive drug that was initially used in humans to prevent rejection of transplanted organs.1-3 In 2003, oral cyclosporine capsules (Atopica, novartis.com) received Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval …

Clinical Insights

Methimazole: Management of Feline Hyperthyroidism

David Bruyette, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM (Internal Medicine) VCA West Los Angeles Animal Hospital & Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation and Consultation Methimazole (oral and transdermal) is a safe and effective medication for the treatment of feline hyperthyroidism. Dr. Bruyette discusses drug administration and monitoring, plus 10 key points of owner education. Methimazole is commonly used for the …

Clinical Insights

Management of Chronic Pain in Cats

Dinah G. Jordan, BSPh, RPh, Pharm D, FSVHP, Diplomate ICVP, and Joel D. Ray, DVM, MS Chronic pain in cats is commonly associated with malignancy, chronic inflammation, orthopedic disorders, chronic soft tissue injury, and nervous tissue injury.1 It is often difficult to recognize because the signs may be subtle, such as:2 Hiding/withdrawing from humans or other …

Clinical Insights

Fundamentals for Today’s Insulin Therapy

  Michael Schaer, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM & ACVECC & Thomas Schermerhorn, VMD, Diplomate ACVIM (Small Animal Internal Medicine) The veterinary profession has had to adjust the treatment of the diabetic patient due to changes in insulin production and availability. Most of the products used in dogs and cats are dictated by products used in humans. …

Clinical Insights

Ketamine: To Use or Not to Use for Pain Management

Mark E. Epstein, DVM, Diplomate ABVP (C/F), CVPP, & dAAPM Ketamine has been in long and routine use as a dissociative anesthetic. More recently, new pharmacologic features of ketamine have been discovered that provide novel pain modification. It’s Place in Pain Management It is well-established in human medicine that the use of adjunct medications, including …

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