Interpretation of Dental Radiographs in Dogs and Cats, Part 2: Normal Variations and Abnormal Findings
This article focuses on interpretation of normal anatomic variations as well as congenital and pathologic abnormal findings on dental radiographs in dogs and cats (Box 1). Both articles assume the reader is familiar with basic dental radiographic acquisition techniques, concepts, and skills…
Small Animal Abdominal Ultrasonography: The Spleen
Along the visceral surface border of the spleen, the hilum is surrounded by fat, where splenic vessels can be found. The splenic portal veins can be seen originating from the splenic hilum and can be traced between the stomach and colon to a…
Interpretation of Dental Radiographs in Dogs & Cats, Part 1: Principles & Normal Findings
Dental radiography is considered part of the standard of care for dogs and cats undergoing dental intervention. Radiographs are essential for identifying and documenting the nature and severity of dental disorders and conditions.
Small Animal Abdominal Ultrasonography, The Urinary Tract: Urinary Bladder & Urethra
The bladder is usually examined when it is distended with urine as an empty or minimally distended urinary bladder…
Small Animal Abdominal Ultrasonography, Part 2: Liver & Gallbladder
When using the systematic approach described in previous articles, the sonographic tour of the abdomen begins in the cranial abdomen, evaluating the liver and gallbladder. Proper ultrasound evaluation of the liver includes…
Small Animal Abdominal Ultrasonography, Part 1: Liver & Gallbladder
This article discusses normal ultrasound appearance as well as common abnormalities that can be detected with this imaging method.
Small Animal Abdominal Ultrasonography,Part 2: A Tour of the Abdomen
A systematic pattern for scanning the abdomen is an important aspect of any abdominal ultrasound (US) examination. In approaching abdominal ultrasonography, the practitioner should identify the questions the scan needs to answer; however, a negative US scan does not rule out disease.
Small Animal Abdominal Ultrasonography, Part 1: A Tour of the Abdomen
Danielle Mauragis, AS, CVT and Clifford R. Berry, DVM, Diplomate ACVR University of Florida Welcome to our series of articles on small animal abdominal ultrasonography. The first 3 articles provided an overview of basic ultrasonography principles, while this article and the next will review a systematic pattern for scanning the abdomen. Future articles will discuss …
Small Animal Abdominal Ultrasonography, Part 2: Physical Principles of Artifacts & False Assumptions
Danielle Mauragis, AS, CVT, and Clifford R. Berry, DVM, Diplomate ACVR University of Florida Welcome to our new series of articles on small animal abdominal ultrasonography. The first few articles in the series are providing an overview on the basic principles of: Image acquisition, artifact creation, and interpretation Optimizing the ultrasound image for interpretation (how …