Insights in Electrolyte Disorders
Evaluation and Management of the Hypernatremic Patient
Acute salt toxicity resulting from the ingestion of large amounts of sodium chloride is a potential cause of hypernatremia.
Hypernatremia reflects the loss of water in excess of sodium or the addition of sodium in excess of water. A patient with hypernatremia therefore must be unable or unwilling to consume adequate amounts of water or unable to retain adequate water.