Nutrition Notes

Caloric Restriction Without Malnutrition

Essentials

Caloric Restriction Without Malnutrition

One concern with weight-loss programs is that use of inappropriate diets and/or levels of caloric restriction can lead to inadequate nutrient intake, resulting in nutritional deficiencies. Severe caloric restriction can also have adverse metabolic effects that work against achieving successful, safe weight loss. This article provides guidance for calculating caloric requirements for an obesity management plan to avoid the adverse effects of severe caloric restriction, as well as for choosing an appropriate diet for weight-loss programs to avoid nutritional deficiencies.

Essentials

Nutrition and Canine Osteoarthritis: What Do We Know?

Can the New Zealand green-lipped mussel be useful in treating dogs suffering with osteoarthritis? The (research) jury is still out. While there is no known cure for degenerative joint disease, there are nutritional approaches that can play an important role in helping your patients with OA.

Essentials

Nutrition and Diabetes Mellitus

An essential part of therapy for diabetes mellitus (DM) is nutrition, which can greatly affect the way dogs and cats with diabetes live. For dogs with DM, it is more important that they eat regularly than be strictly limited to certain foods. For cats with DM, diet is much more important and can significantly affect DM control. After the initial diagnosis, consider all the factors before prescribing a diet regimen.

Essentials

Nutrition and Wound Healing

Wound healing requires the body to have sufficient energy stores to rebuild tissue. Without these resources, the animal’s body begins to break down endogenous protein in an attempt to meet its needs for the “building blocks” of healing. A strategy to provide adequate nutrients should be created for every wound patient.

Essentials

See Ya Later, Alligator! The Hypoallergenic Diet to Aid Patients

Wouldn’t it benefit our allergic patients to be able to control their symptoms with diet and less, if any, medications? Clinically, presentations of food hypersensitivity appear the same as food intolerance, but immunologically they are different. Food allergy in pets has been described as early as 1920 yet the diagnosis is often elusive as it coexists 20-30% of the time with other allergies.

Essentials

Dealing With Dysrexia in Dogs and Cats

The mechanisms by which illness suppresses appetite are complex, and we do not yet have a clear picture of them all. The term dysrexia refers to a disruption in food intake, including anorexia (not eating), hyporexia (eating less) and eating an unbalanced diet. In addition to all the physiological consequences of poor food intake, this takes a toll on the pet owner and can lead to premature decisions about discontinuation of therapy or euthanasia.

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