Caloric Restriction Without Malnutrition
One concern with weight-loss programs is that use of inappropriate diets and/or levels of caloric restriction can lead to inadequate nutrient intake, resulting in nutritional deficiencies. Severe caloric restriction can also have adverse metabolic effects that work against achieving successful, safe weight loss. This article provides guidance for calculating caloric requirements for an obesity management plan to avoid the adverse effects of severe caloric restriction, as well as for choosing an appropriate diet for weight-loss programs to avoid nutritional deficiencies.
Nutrition and Canine Osteoarthritis: What Do We Know?
Can the New Zealand green-lipped mussel be useful in treating dogs suffering with osteoarthritis? The (research) jury is still out. While there is no known cure for degenerative joint disease, there are nutritional approaches that can play an important role in helping your patients with OA.
Nutrition and Diabetes Mellitus
An essential part of therapy for diabetes mellitus (DM) is nutrition, which can greatly affect the way dogs and cats with diabetes live. For dogs with DM, it is more important that they eat regularly than be strictly limited to certain foods. For cats with DM, diet is much more important and can significantly affect DM control. After the initial diagnosis, consider all the factors before prescribing a diet regimen.
Nutritional Management of Idiopathic Epilepsy in Dogs
Epilepsy is the most common chronic neurologic disorder encountered in small animal practice and is estimated to affect up to 0.75% of dogs in the general population. Evidence suggests that dietary therapy may have a beneficial effect on seizure control as well.
Nutrition and Wound Healing
Wound healing requires the body to have sufficient energy stores to rebuild tissue. Without these resources, the animal’s body begins to break down endogenous protein in an attempt to meet its needs for the “building blocks” of healing. A strategy to provide adequate nutrients should be created for every wound patient.
See Ya Later, Alligator! The Hypoallergenic Diet to Aid Patients
Alice M. Jeromin, RPh, DVM, DACVD Veterinary Allergy & Dermatology, Inc., Richfield, Ohio Novel Protein A thorough diet history must be asked of the owner inquiring which proteins the pet has been exposed to previously. Hippocrates said, “let food be your medicine and your medicine be food.” Wouldn’t it benefit our allergic patients to be …
Dealing With Dysrexia
Audrey K. Cook, BVM&S, DACVIM, DECVIM, DABVP (Feline) College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences Texas A & M University The term dysrexia refers to a disruption in food intake, including anorexia (not eating), hyporexia (eating less) and eating an unbalanced diet (eg, the patient that will eat roast beef but not a prescribed low-protein …
Diarrhea, Vomiting, and Food, Oh My! Nutritional Management for Gastrointestinal Disease
Angela Witzel, DVM, PhD, DACVN The University of Tennessee College of Veterinary Medicine Nutritional management of gastrointestinal disease is a broad topic incorporating both acute and chronic diseases of the stomach, small intestines, pancreas, gallbladder, and colon. As such, this article introduces the types of gastrointestinal diets available to help the clinician decide which one …
A Weighty Matter: Effectively Communicating with Clients about Pet Obesity
Cailin Heinze, VMD, MS, Diplomate ACVN, & Deborah Linder, DVM, Diplomate ACVN This article presents the key concepts to a successful conversation with clients about their overweight pets, and how to implement a weight loss plan. The blood and urine analyses recently ordered on a patient show azotemia in the face of low urine specific …