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Practical Toxicology

Ethanol Toxicosis: A Review

Although we mostly think of ethanol (ethyl alcohol) as the alcohol used in beverages, it is also found in other substances: liquid medications, cosmetics, hand sanitizers, perfumes, colognes, mouthwashes, food flavorings (eg, vanilla extract), alcohol-filled chocolates, and fermenting yeast bread dough.

Tremorgenic Mycotoxin Intoxication In Dogs

Tremorgenic mycotoxins are metabolites produced by fungi that cause neurotoxicosis in dogs. While several fungal metabolites may cause this intoxication, current research supports penitrem A as the primary mycotoxin involved…

The Decontamination Dilemma: Bromethalin Ingestion

Exposures to this toxin present a unique challenge to clinicians. Once signs of convulsant syndrome—a neurologic syndrome caused by bromethalin toxicosis—have developed, prognosis for recovery is poor.