Surgical Skills


Creating a Leak-Proof Ligature with Confidence, Part 2: Step-by-Step Approach to Surgical Binding Knots

Daniel D. Smeak, DVM, Diplomate ACVS, and Kurtis M. Hazenfield, DVM, MS Colorado State University Certain binding knots are highly useful in achieving consistently secure ligations. Very little information is available in the human and veterinary literature describing indications and contraindications for use of binding knots for ligation, and we could find no published, wellillustrated …


Local Anesthesia for the Distal Extremity

Heidi L. Shafford, DVM, PhD, Diplomate ACVAA Local anesthesia techniques are important analgesic tools. The author provides step-by-step instructions in providing IVRA and ring blocks to both dogs and cats. Local anesthetics block nerve impulses caused by painful stimuli, which makes them effective analgesics. Regional and peripheral blocks are versatile and can be applied to …


Corrective Surgery: Dogs with Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome

Dena Lodato, DVM, MS, Animal Emergency & Referral Center, Flowood, Mississippi John Mauterer, DVM, Diplomate ACVS, Animal Emergency & Referral Center, Flowood, Mississippi This article discusses surgical techniques and corrective procedures that address brachycephalic airway syndrome. If performed early, surgery can prevent development of secondary changes associated with this condition. Brachycephalic airway syndrome (BAS) refers … Protection Status
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