When Urine Trouble: A Clinical Approach to Proteinuria
With increasing evidence of proteinuria being a negative prognostic indicator for dogs and cats with chronic kidney disease, it is important to take note of persistent proteinuria, regardless of severity.
In addition to promoting progression of kidney disease, persistent proteinuria has several extrarenal consequences, therefore incidental proteinuria on routine diagnostic workups and geriatric screens should not be ignored.
Conventional Versus Stereotactic Radiotherapy
Stereotactic radiotherapy is a powerful cancer treatment technique, but care must be taken in patient selection, treatment planning, and radiation delivery to avoid late side effects.
This continuing education article describes how conventional and stereotactic radiotherapy are used for definitive or palliative treatment in veterinary oncology and the importance of patient selection for these treatment options.
Multimodal Pain Management for Canine Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis treatment aims to delay disease progression, decrease inflammation, and ultimately improve the patient’s quality of life.
OA is common in dogs. Management involves multiple modalities and must be tailored to each patient and its owner.
Feline Injection Site Sarcomas: Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Staging, and Treatment Algorithm
Guidelines for vaccine administration exist in order to better track association of sarcoma development with specific vaccines.
Aggressive surgery and other treatments, recommended to be done by a skilled veterinary surgeon and oncologist, is the best hope for prolonging the life of a cat diagnosed with FISS.
Diagnosing, Treating, and Managing Causes of Conjunctivitis in Dogs and Cats
Understanding the various etiologies of conjunctivitis can help clinicians identify potentially life-threatening conditions that initially present as conjunctivitis.
The systemic conditions associated with conjunctivitis may present with or without additional ocular abnormalities. In the vast majority of cases, historical and physical examination findings will suggest the presence of a systemic disease and prompt further diagnostic investigation.
Surgical Management of Canine Liver Masses
Surgical intervention is indicated as the treatment of choice for massive, solitary liver tumors in dogs.
The prognosis is good for dogs with massive hepatocellular carcinoma, especially given the liver has an enormous capacity for regeneration. Specific surgical approaches depend on multiple variables, including surgeon preference as well as tumor characteristics.
Feline Arterial Thromboembolism
While the prognosis for cats with ATE is considered guarded to poor, among those that survive the first 48 to 72 hours, many will eventually regain some or even all motor function.
Arterial thromboembolism is an acute or peracute condition that results from embolization of a thrombus within a peripheral artery. Take a closer look at the signs, diagnosis, and management of this often fatal disease.
Immune-Mediated Hemolytic Anemia
IMHA is one of the more commonly encountered causes of anemia in dogs and cats, but a practical management plan is required in order to identify and treat a suspected case.
The mortality rate among dogs with immune-mediated hemolytic anemia is high, but long-term prognosis after survival of the first months of treatment is fair.
Wound Reconstruction Techniques: Free Skin Grafts
Full-thickness meshed sheet grafting and punch grafting are 2 of the most common grafting procedures performed in small animal practices.
In order to properly treat sizable wounds on the distal extremities of small animals, it’s helpful to know how skin grafts heal, tips for avoiding graft failure, and how to perform full-thickness meshed sheet and punch grafting.