Continuing Education

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Congestive Heart Failure in Canines

Heart failure is a syndrome of clinical signs that, although well recognized by clinicians, is difficult to define precisely. Treatment of CHF in dogs can be divided into two phases: acute and chronic.

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Finding the Balance in Your Patients with Cardiovascular and Renal Disease

Cardiovascular and renal disease are commonly diagnosed in cats and dogs; incidence increases with patient age. Each condition is irreversible and progressive. These conditions are particularly challenging when they occur simultaneously; what is good for one system may be counterproductive for the other. In this article, we describe the physiologic interactions between these 2 systems, disease classifications, techniques for detecting one condition in the presence of the other, and strategies for managing patients with these co-existing conditions.

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Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Dogs and Cats

Inflammatory bowel disease is a multifactorial disease of dogs and cats characterized by chronic enteropathies that can significantly impact quality of life. This article discusses the believed influences on gut inflammation, potential diagnostics, treatment options, and clinical outcomes in light of the most recent literature available.

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Canine Atopic Dermatitis: Updates on Diagnosis and Treatment

Canine atopic dermatitis is a common skin disorder defined as a hereditary predisposition to develop pruritic inflammatory skin disease associated with IgE antibodies, which typically target environmental allergens. The disease typically affects dogs age 6 months to 3 years and is characterized by pruritus and secondary skin lesions of a characteristic distribution around the face (mouth, eyes), concave aspect of the ear pinnae, ventral abdomen, flexor aspects of elbow, carpal, and tarsal joints, interdigital skin, and perineal area. This article will help practitioners determine which flare factors (or environmental conditions) are responsible for CAD.

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