Diagnostics

Features

Uncovering the Cause of Fever in Cats

The normal body temperature range in cats is 38.1°C to 39.2°C (100.5°F–102.5°F). Fever of unknown origin (FUO) in cats is classified as a temperature higher than 39.7°C (103.5°F) measured at least 4 times in a 2-week period without an identified cause.

Features

Uncovering the Cause of Fever in Dogs

When describing FUO in dogs, fever is usually defined as greater than 103.5°F to 104°F (39.7–40°C), with no duration of fever specified. In animals, the path to revealing the cause of persistent fever can be lengthy and expensive but, in most patients, an etiology can be eventually identified

Features

Canine Pituitary Dependent Hyperadrenocorticism Series, Part 2: Diagnostic Approach

David Bruyette, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM VCA West Los Angeles Animal Hospital, Los Angeles, California, and Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation and Consultation, Woodland Hills, California Canine pituitary dependent hyperadrenocorticism (PDH), also known as Cushing’s disease, is a common endocrine disorder in older dogs. This disorder is caused by a pituitary adenoma (PA) that secretes inappropriate amounts of …

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Canine Chronic Kidney Disease: Current Diagnostics & Goals for Long-Term Management

JD Foster, VMD, Diplomate ACVIM Chronic kidney disease is an irreversible and progressive deterioration of renal function; however, through early diagnosis and staging, prompt management can delay disease progression. Each aspect of treatment is comprehensively covered in this article. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an irreversible and progressive deterioration of renal function, resulting from a …

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Feline Acute Pancreatitis: Current Concepts in Diagnosis & Therapy

P. Jane Armstrong, DVM, MS, MBA, Diplomate ACVIM, and Sarah Crain, DVM, MS, Diplomate ACVIM Pancreatitis appears to be a common disease in cats,1 yet it remains frustratingly difficult to establish a clinical diagnosis with certainty. Clinicians must rely on a combination of compatible clinical findings, serum feline pancreatic lipase (fPL) measurement, and ultrasonographic changes …

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Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome & Sepsis, Part 1: Recognition & Diagnosis

Deborah Silverstein, DVM, Diplomate ACVECC Small animals frequently present to veterinarians with vague signs of illness. The decision whether to treat dogs or cats symptomatically as outpatients or immediately perform diagnostics and recommend hospitalization requires an astute clinician and logical approach to: Patient history Physical examination Preliminary diagnostic findings. Animals with evidence of a widespread …

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Otitis Externa Series Part 1: Diagnosis of Otitis Externa

Ashley Bourgeois, DVM, and Wayne Rosenkrantz, DVM, Diplomate ACVD This article—the first of a 2-part series—discusses diagnosis of otitis externa. Topical therapy for treatment of otitis externa will be discussed in the November/December 2014 issue of Today’s Veterinary Practice (tvpjournal.com). Otitis externa is a prevalent complaint in patients presented to small animal practices. This inflammatory disease of …

Features

Diagnostic & Therapeutic Approach: Dogs Infected with Bordetella bronchiseptica & Canine Influenza Virus (H3N8)

Laura A. Nafe, DVM, MS, Diplomate ACVIM (Small Animal Internal Medicine) University of Wisconsin–Madison Severe cases of kennel cough are highly contagious and can result in life-threatening respiratory compromise. Dr. Nafe provides detailed discussion from risk factors for—to treatment of this disease complex, including managing critically ill dogs. Bordetella bronchiseptica and canine influenza virus (CIV) …

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