Proper Diagnosis of Periodontal Disease

Brook A. Niemiec, DVM, FAVD, Diplomate AVDC, Southern California Veterinary Dental Specialties & Oral Surgery, San Diego, California Periodontal disease is the number one problem in small animal medicine.1,2 In fact, the classic university study reported that, by 2 years of age, 80% of dogs and 70% of cats have some form of periodontal disease.3 …


Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome & Sepsis, Part 1: Recognition & Diagnosis

Deborah Silverstein, DVM, Diplomate ACVECC Small animals frequently present to veterinarians with vague signs of illness. The decision whether to treat dogs or cats symptomatically as outpatients or immediately perform diagnostics and recommend hospitalization requires an astute clinician and logical approach to: Patient history Physical examination Preliminary diagnostic findings. Animals with evidence of a widespread …


Otitis Externa Series Part 1: Diagnosis of Otitis Externa

Ashley Bourgeois, DVM, and Wayne Rosenkrantz, DVM, Diplomate ACVD This article—the first of a 2-part series—discusses diagnosis of otitis externa. Topical therapy for treatment of otitis externa will be discussed in the November/December 2014 issue of Today’s Veterinary Practice (tvpjournal.com). Otitis externa is a prevalent complaint in patients presented to small animal practices. This inflammatory disease of …


Diagnostic & Therapeutic Approach: Dogs Infected with Bordetella bronchiseptica & Canine Influenza Virus (H3N8)

Laura A. Nafe, DVM, MS, Diplomate ACVIM (Small Animal Internal Medicine) University of Wisconsin–Madison Severe cases of kennel cough are highly contagious and can result in life-threatening respiratory compromise. Dr. Nafe provides detailed discussion from risk factors for—to treatment of this disease complex, including managing critically ill dogs. Bordetella bronchiseptica and canine influenza virus (CIV) …


Assessment Of Acute Pain In Cats

Sheilah Robertson, BVMS (Hons), PhD, MRCVS, Diplomate ECVAA, ACVAA, ACAW, & ECAWBM (Welfare Science, Ethics and Law) Michigan State University The first of a 2-part series, Dr. Robertson emphasizes the importance of accurate pain assessment in order to provide the best pain management. To appropriately assess and treat pain in cats, the health care provider …


The Practitioner’s Acid–Base Primer: Differential Diagnoses & Treatment

Lori S. Waddell, DVM, Diplomate ACVECC The first article of this 2-part series, Obtaining & Interpreting Blood Gases (May/June 2013), addressed techniques for obtaining blood gases and interpretation; this article further investigates metabolic and respiratory disturbances, including therapeutic measures for both. This article is the second in the 2-part series: The Practitioner’s Acid–Base Primer. The …


Assessing Chronic Pain In Dogs

Mark E. Epstein, DVM, Diplomate ABVP (Canine/Feline), CVPP Finding precise, reliable, and accurate measures of chronic pain in animals is a difficult effort. However, much research has gone into developing measurement methods to evaluate chronic pain in dogs (and, more recently, cats); this article reviews the pain scales currently available. One thing clinicians and investigators …


Diagnosis of Immune-Mediated Hemolytic Anemia

Todd Archer, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM, and Andrew Mackin, BSc, BVMS, Diplomate ACVIM Immune-mediated hemolytic anemia is one of the most common immune-mediated hematologic disorders in dogs and cats. Part 1 of this 2-article series discusses pathophysiology and diagnosis of IMHA, including patient predilection, history and clinical signs, physical examination, diagnostics, and differential diagnoses. Immune-mediated hemolytic …

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