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Clinical Insights

Rehabilitation Modalities for Pain Management and Healing

Pain management is often at the heart of the vitally important veterinarian-client-patient relationship. This article focuses on select rehabilitation modalities that, when Incorporated into a multimodal pain management program, can help reduce pain, enhance tissue healing, increase patient function, and improve quality of life.

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Diagnosing and Managing Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease

Feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) is a general term used to describe conditions affecting the bladder or urethra of cats; it is not a syndrome or specific diagnosis. It has been reported that between 4.5% and 8% of cats presenting to veterinary practices or teaching hospitals have FLUTD.

leptospirosis dog

Clinical Insights

Diagnosis, Treatment, and Management of Leptospirosis in Dogs

Leptospirosis is an emerging zoonotic disease found throughout most of the United States. Leptospirosis affects many organ systems and varies in severity; clinical signs range from none or mild and self-limiting to severe with acute kidney injury, hepatopathy, and/or vasculitis. Fortunately, the prognosis for most patients is favorable with appropriate medical care.

Essentials

Nutrition and Canine Osteoarthritis: What Do We Know?

Can the New Zealand green-lipped mussel be useful in treating dogs suffering with osteoarthritis? The (research) jury is still out. While there is no known cure for degenerative joint disease, there are nutritional approaches that can play an important role in helping your patients with OA.

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Canine Influenza: New Strains and Treatment

In the U.S., 2 strains of canine influenza virus (CIV)—H3N8 and H3N2—have been identified. Learn to recognize the clinical signs of CIV infection, select appropriate diagnostic tests, and develop a therapeutic plan. Plus, when to recommend vaccination for CIV and deploy strategies to prevent spread of disease if a case presents in your practice.

Essentials

Tick-borne Rickettsial Infections of Dogs

Rickettsial organisms are small, obligate intracellular bacteria in the order Rickettsiales. Two families—Anaplasmataceae and Rickettsiaceae—contain species that infect dogs. These pathogens are transmitted by a variety of tick vectors, maintained in wildlife and domestic reservoirs, and can cause clinical disease in humans, dogs, and other domestic animals. This article discusses the basic epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of canine ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis, and Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF).

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Fluid Therapy in Critical Care

Intravenous fluid administration is probably the most frequently used therapy in veterinary hospitals. Aggressive IV fluid resuscitation in emergent patients and continuous IV fluid administration in hospitalized patients have long been considered fundamental in the management of critically ill animals. However, research into whether the type and volume of fluids infused can contribute to comorbidities and decrease the chances of a favorable outcome continues. This article reviews new trends in fluid therapy in human and veterinary critical care medicine.

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