Managing Feline Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common endocrinopathy in cats, with reported prevalence rates ranging from 0.4% to 1.2%. Factors related to the patient’s diet and adiposity and the presence of comorbid conditions (e.g., acromegaly, pancreatitis) likely contribute to the pathogenesis of feline DM as well as influence response to therapy and chances for achieving remission.
Tick-borne Rickettsial Infections of Dogs
Rickettsial organisms are small, obligate intracellular bacteria in the order Rickettsiales. Two families—Anaplasmataceae and Rickettsiaceae—contain species that infect dogs. These pathogens are transmitted by a variety of tick vectors, maintained in wildlife and domestic reservoirs, and can cause clinical disease in humans, dogs, and other domestic animals. This article discusses the basic epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of canine ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis, and Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF).
Evaluating and Managing Chronic Cough in Dogs
Chronic cough in dogs is a common presenting complaint in small animal practice. This article focuses on respiratory causes of chronic cough in dogs.
AVMA Releases Its First-Ever Guidelines for Depopulation of Animals
The AVMA published Guidelines for the Depopulation of Animals to help veterinarians support animal welfare in situations where the difficult decision to depopulate has been made. “Humanely ending the lives of animals is one of the most difficult, but necessary, tasks for veterinarians to oversee,” said Dr. Steven Leary, chair of the panel on depopulation.
Use of Acupuncture for Pain Management
While pharmacologic options remain the mainstays, nonpharmacologic interventions—including acupuncture—are an important and safe part of a comprehensive pain management plan for animals.
Canine Hypothyroidism: Diagnosis and Treatment
Hypothyroidism is a common endocrine disease of dogs. Measurement of T4 concentration is helpful to rule out hypothyroidism but should not be solely relied on to confirm the diagnosis.
Managing Uveitis in Dogs and Cats
The causes of uveitis are numerous and often elusive. Educating clients on the potential complications of uncontrolled uveitis (cataracts, glaucoma, loss of vision, pain) greatly increases compliance with therapy and follow-up visits to maximize success.
The Therapeutic Power of Monoclonal Antibody Therapy
Biotherapeutics are still relatively new in veterinary medicine. This article reviews biologic therapy as it relates specifically to monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and covers the only fully licensed and commercially available product, lokivetmab (Cytopoint).
Can a Labrador Retriever’s Coat Color Impact Lifespan and Increase Health Issues?
Researchers found that the life expectancy of chocolate Labrador retrievers is significantly lower than their black and yellow counterparts.