Nutrition and Diabetes Mellitus
An essential part of therapy for diabetes mellitus (DM) is nutrition, which can greatly affect the way dogs and cats with diabetes live. For dogs with DM, it is more important that they eat regularly than be strictly limited to certain foods. For cats with DM, diet is much more important and can significantly affect DM control. After the initial diagnosis, consider all the factors before prescribing a diet regimen.
Chiari-like Malformation: An Overview
The clinical signs of Chiari-like malformation are often confused with other otologic and dermatologic conditions, which may delay appropriate treatment. Definitive diagnosis is made using MRI of the brain and cervical spinal cord.
Canine Influenza: New Strains and Treatment
In the U.S., 2 strains of canine influenza virus (CIV)—H3N8 and H3N2—have been identified. Learn to recognize the clinical signs of CIV infection, select appropriate diagnostic tests, and develop a therapeutic plan. Plus, when to recommend vaccination for CIV and deploy strategies to prevent spread of disease if a case presents in your practice.
Managing Feline Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common endocrinopathy in cats, with reported prevalence rates ranging from 0.4% to 1.2%. Factors related to the patient’s diet and adiposity and the presence of comorbid conditions (e.g., acromegaly, pancreatitis) likely contribute to the pathogenesis of feline DM as well as influence response to therapy and chances for achieving remission.
Tick-borne Rickettsial Infections of Dogs
Rickettsial organisms are small, obligate intracellular bacteria in the order Rickettsiales. Two families—Anaplasmataceae and Rickettsiaceae—contain species that infect dogs. These pathogens are transmitted by a variety of tick vectors, maintained in wildlife and domestic reservoirs, and can cause clinical disease in humans, dogs, and other domestic animals. This article discusses the basic epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of canine ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis, and Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF).
Evaluating and Managing Chronic Cough in Dogs
Chronic cough in dogs is a common presenting complaint in small animal practice. This article focuses on respiratory causes of chronic cough in dogs.
AVMA Releases Its First-Ever Guidelines for Depopulation of Animals
The AVMA published Guidelines for the Depopulation of Animals to help veterinarians support animal welfare in situations where the difficult decision to depopulate has been made. “Humanely ending the lives of animals is one of the most difficult, but necessary, tasks for veterinarians to oversee,” said Dr. Steven Leary, chair of the panel on depopulation.
Use of Acupuncture for Pain Management
While pharmacologic options remain the mainstays, nonpharmacologic interventions—including acupuncture—are an important and safe part of a comprehensive pain management plan for animals.
Canine Hypothyroidism: Diagnosis and Treatment
Hypothyroidism is a common endocrine disease of dogs. Measurement of T4 concentration is helpful to rule out hypothyroidism but should not be solely relied on to confirm the diagnosis.