Laser Therapy for Treatment of Joint Disease in Dogs and Cats
Photobiomodulation (PBMT), or laser therapy, is a rapidly growing treatment modality used for a variety of medical conditions in companion animals. PBMT is painless, noninvasive, and easily administered in a primary care setting.
Caloric Restriction Without Malnutrition
One concern with weight-loss programs is that use of inappropriate diets and/or levels of caloric restriction can lead to inadequate nutrient intake, resulting in nutritional deficiencies. Severe caloric restriction can also have adverse metabolic effects that work against achieving successful, safe weight loss. This article provides guidance for calculating caloric requirements for an obesity management plan to avoid the adverse effects of severe caloric restriction, as well as for choosing an appropriate diet for weight-loss programs to avoid nutritional deficiencies.
Rehabilitation Modalities for Pain Management and Healing
Pain management is often at the heart of the vitally important veterinarian-client-patient relationship. This article focuses on select rehabilitation modalities that, when Incorporated into a multimodal pain management program, can help reduce pain, enhance tissue healing, increase patient function, and improve quality of life.
Diagnosing and Managing Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease
Feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) is a general term used to describe conditions affecting the bladder or urethra of cats; it is not a syndrome or specific diagnosis. It has been reported that between 4.5% and 8% of cats presenting to veterinary practices or teaching hospitals have FLUTD.
Diagnosis, Treatment, and Management of Leptospirosis in Dogs
Leptospirosis is an emerging zoonotic disease found throughout most of the United States. Leptospirosis affects many organ systems and varies in severity; clinical signs range from none or mild and self-limiting to severe with acute kidney injury, hepatopathy, and/or vasculitis. Fortunately, the prognosis for most patients is favorable with appropriate medical care.
Nutrition and Canine Osteoarthritis: What Do We Know?
Can the New Zealand green-lipped mussel be useful in treating dogs suffering with osteoarthritis? The (research) jury is still out. While there is no known cure for degenerative joint disease, there are nutritional approaches that can play an important role in helping your patients with OA.
Chiari-like Malformation: An Overview
The clinical signs of Chiari-like malformation are often confused with other otologic and dermatologic conditions, which may delay appropriate treatment. Definitive diagnosis is made using MRI of the brain and cervical spinal cord.
Canine Influenza: New Strains and Treatment
In the U.S., 2 strains of canine influenza virus (CIV)—H3N8 and H3N2—have been identified. Learn to recognize the clinical signs of CIV infection, select appropriate diagnostic tests, and develop a therapeutic plan. Plus, when to recommend vaccination for CIV and deploy strategies to prevent spread of disease if a case presents in your practice.
Tick-borne Rickettsial Infections of Dogs
Rickettsial organisms are small, obligate intracellular bacteria in the order Rickettsiales. Two families—Anaplasmataceae and Rickettsiaceae—contain species that infect dogs. These pathogens are transmitted by a variety of tick vectors, maintained in wildlife and domestic reservoirs, and can cause clinical disease in humans, dogs, and other domestic animals. This article discusses the basic epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of canine ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis, and Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF).