Chiari-like Malformation: An Overview
The clinical signs of Chiari-like malformation are often confused with other otologic and dermatologic conditions, which may delay appropriate treatment. Definitive diagnosis is made using MRI of the brain and cervical spinal cord.
Canine Influenza: New Strains and Treatment
In the U.S., 2 strains of canine influenza virus (CIV)—H3N8 and H3N2—have been identified. Learn to recognize the clinical signs of CIV infection, select appropriate diagnostic tests, and develop a therapeutic plan. Plus, when to recommend vaccination for CIV and deploy strategies to prevent spread of disease if a case presents in your practice.
Tick-borne Rickettsial Infections of Dogs
Rickettsial organisms are small, obligate intracellular bacteria in the order Rickettsiales. Two families—Anaplasmataceae and Rickettsiaceae—contain species that infect dogs. These pathogens are transmitted by a variety of tick vectors, maintained in wildlife and domestic reservoirs, and can cause clinical disease in humans, dogs, and other domestic animals. This article discusses the basic epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of canine ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis, and Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF).
Fluid Therapy in Critical Care
Intravenous fluid administration is probably the most frequently used therapy in veterinary hospitals. Aggressive IV fluid resuscitation in emergent patients and continuous IV fluid administration in hospitalized patients have long been considered fundamental in the management of critically ill animals. However, research into whether the type and volume of fluids infused can contribute to comorbidities and decrease the chances of a favorable outcome continues. This article reviews new trends in fluid therapy in human and veterinary critical care medicine.
Evaluating and Managing Chronic Cough in Dogs
Chronic cough in dogs is a common presenting complaint in small animal practice. This article focuses on respiratory causes of chronic cough in dogs.
AVMA Releases Its First-Ever Guidelines for Depopulation of Animals
The AVMA published Guidelines for the Depopulation of Animals to help veterinarians support animal welfare in situations where the difficult decision to depopulate has been made. “Humanely ending the lives of animals is one of the most difficult, but necessary, tasks for veterinarians to oversee,” said Dr. Steven Leary, chair of the panel on depopulation.
Use of Acupuncture for Pain Management
While pharmacologic options remain the mainstays, nonpharmacologic interventions—including acupuncture—are an important and safe part of a comprehensive pain management plan for animals.
Canine Hypothyroidism: Diagnosis and Treatment
Hypothyroidism is a common endocrine disease of dogs. Measurement of T4 concentration is helpful to rule out hypothyroidism but should not be solely relied on to confirm the diagnosis.
Managing Uveitis in Dogs and Cats
Managing uveitis centers on controlling inflammation, reducing pain, and preserving vision, but identifying the underlying condition requires skill and dedication.
The causes of uveitis are numerous and often elusive. Educating clients on the potential complications of uncontrolled uveitis (cataracts, glaucoma, loss of vision, pain) greatly increases compliance with therapy and follow-up visits to maximize success.