Feline-Friendly ArticleUncovering the Cause of Fever in Cats
The normal body temperature range in cats is 38.1°C to 39.2°C (100.5°F–102.5°F). Fever of unknown origin (FUO) in cats is classified as a temperature higher than 39.7°C (103.5°F) measured at least 4 times in a 2-week period without an identified cause.
Treatment Guidelines for Chronic Kidney Disease in Dogs & Cats: International Renal Interest Society Recommendations
The International Renal Interest Society (IRIS, iris-kidney.com) was created to advance the scientific understanding of kidney disease in small animals and, specifically, to help practitioners better diagnose, understand, and treat canine and feline renal disease.
Chronic Feline Gingivostomatitis: Proven Therapeutic Approaches & New Treatment OptionsCE Article
Chronic gingivostomatitis (CGS) in the cat is a very painful disease, characterized by severe inflammation of the gingiva, buccal mucosa, and caudal oral mucosa.1 CGS affects 0.7% to 10% of the general cat population. This article reviews clinical signs of CGS, current treatment modalities, and promising treatment options that may be available soon.
ACVN Nutrition NotesFeaturing Fiber: Understanding Types of Fiber & Clinical Uses
Understanding the different types of fiber—and when to implement fiber in a nutrition plan for dogs and cats—can be challenging and complicated. In addition, some cats and dogs that present with gastrointestinal conditions can be managed with diets or supplements that contain particular levels and types of fiber.
Role of Dietary Fatty Acids in Dogs & CatsCE Article
The type of fatty acids fed to a patient, as well as the total amount of fatty acids in the diet, have the additional potential to improve or impair health. This review discusses basic properties of fatty acids; sources of essential fatty acids; therapeutic modifications of dietary fatty acids, fish oils, and other fatty acid supplements; and areas of caution in clinical practice when supplementing fatty acids.
The Yellow Cat: Diagnostic & Therapeutic StrategiesCE Article
There is no mystery when it comes to a “yellow” cat. Icterus and jaundice—both of which describe a yellowish pigmentation of the skin—indicate hyperbilirubinemia, a 5- to 10-fold elevation in serum bilirubin concentration.
However, this is where the certainty ends and the diagnostic challenge begins. The icteric cat presentation is not a sensitive or specific marker of disease, despite the visually obvious and impressive clinical sign…
Juvenile Orthopedic Disease in Dogs & CatsPart 2: Congenital & Neonatal Orthopedic Diseases
Neonatal diseases are apparent at birth or within the first 3 to 4 weeks of life. While these diseases are often congenital and inherited, a direct cause for each disease has not yet been determined, and other causes, such as in utero factors, may play a role…
Practical Techniques from the NAVC InstituteWound Management: Caudal Superficial Epigastric Flap
This article reviews information from the session, Practical Techniques in Soft Tissue Surgery, presented at the NAVC Institute 2015. The caudal superficial epigastric (CSE) flap is a highly versatile axial pattern skin flap that can be used to cover large open wounds on the…
Imaging Essentials: Small Animal Abdominal UltrasonographyThe Urinary Tract: Urinary Bladder & Urethra
The bladder is usually examined when it is distended with urine as an empty or minimally distended urinary bladder…