Gait Abnormality: Musculoskeletal or Neurologic Condition?
TIME-SAVING ASSESSMENT Have a veterinary nurse video record the patient’s gait with a smartphone. When an animal is presented to you with a history of lameness or a gait abnormality, you need to determine whether the problem is musculoskeletal, neurologic, or both, so you can recommend the appropriate treatment. To arrive at an appropriate diagnosis, …
Juvenile Orthopedic Disease in Dogs & Cats, Part 2: Congenital & Neonatal Orthopedic Diseases
Neonatal diseases are apparent at birth or within the first 3 to 4 weeks of life. While these diseases are often congenital and inherited, a direct cause for each disease has not yet been determined, and other causes, such as in utero factors, may play a role…
Juvenile Orthopedic Disease in Dogs & Cats, Part 1: Musculoskeletal Development & Pediatric Bone Diseases
This article describes musculoskeletal development and provides an overview of pediatric bone diseases, including signalment, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis.
Canine Gait Analysis
Gait evaluation typically includes visual and/or subjective observation of the dog from a number of angles at both the walk and trot on a flat surface. To the trained eye, lameness can often be detected upon gait evaluation. However, a more subtle lameness may not be apparent on subjective gait evaluation and can be difficult to detect.
A Practitioner’s Guide to Fracture Management, Part 3: Selection of Internal Fixation Technique
The advantages of addressing long bone fractures with internal fixation versus external coaptation include early return to function and maintenance of joint motion. Internal fixation is indicated for fractures that:
•Are subjected to compression, shearing, and/or tensile forces
•Are comminuted and/or long oblique
•Cannot be reduced appropriately (see The 50/50 Rule).
A Practitioner’s Guide to Fracture Management, Part 2: Selection of Fixation Technique & External Coaptation
Meredith Kapler, DVM North Carolina State University David Dycus, DVM, MS, Diplomate ACVS (Small Animal) Veterinary Orthopedic & Sports Medicine Group, Annapolis Junction, Maryland Fractures occur commonly in both dogs and cats and, therefore, are frequently seen in general practice. It is important for veterinarians to understand: Fracture biomechanics, classification, and diagnosis Selection of correct …
Part 1: Diagnosing Fractures & Choosing a Fixation Technique – A Practitioner’s Guide to Fracture Management
Meredith Kapler, DVM North Carolina State University David Dycus, DVM, MS, Diplomate ACVS (Small Animal) Veterinary Orthopedic & Sports Medicine Group, Annapolis Junction, Maryland Fractures occur commonly in both dogs and cats. While typically fractures occur after a traumatic incident, such as being hit by a car or falling from a height, some fractures occur …
Managing Chronic Pain in Dogs and Cats, Part 2: The Best of the Rest in the Management of Osteoarthritis
Part 2 of a comprehensive look at managing chronic pain in dogs and cats. Here, an in-depth look at managing osteoarthritis.
Canine Cranial Cruciate Disease: An Evidence-Based Look at Current Treatment Modalities
James K. Roush, DVM, MS, Diplomate ACVS, Kansas State University This is the second article in a 2-part series on canine cranial cruciate rupture. The first article—Canine Cranial Cruciate Disease: Updating Our Knowledge about Pathogenesis and Diagnosis—was published in the July/August 2013 issue of Today’s Veterinary Practice. Canine cranial cruciate ligament rupture (CrCLR) has long …