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Canine Sporotrichosis

This case involves a Welsh springer spaniel that was diagnosed with sporotrichosis, a rare fungal infection.

Sporotrichosis is an uncommon disease in dogs that can evade diagnosis and can mimic other conditions. Immunosuppression may affect progression of this disease, but the prognosis can be good with recognition and appropriate therapy. 

Diagnosis and Treatment of Eyelid Tumors

Eyelid tumors are common in dogs but are often benign. On the other hand, eyelid tumors are more rare in cats but are often malignant.

Eyelid tumors can dramatically differ in behavior and treatment strategies between dogs and cats. For all eyelid tumors, early intervention and histopathologic examination are advisable. 

When Urine Trouble: A Clinical Approach to Proteinuria

With increasing evidence of proteinuria being a negative prognostic indicator for dogs and cats with chronic kidney disease, it is important to take note of persistent proteinuria, regardless of severity.

In addition to promoting progression of kidney disease, persistent proteinuria has several extrarenal consequences, therefore incidental proteinuria on routine diagnostic workups and geriatric screens should not be ignored.

dog in Virginia Tech Animal Cancer Care and Research Center treatment room being checked by veterinary staff

Conventional Versus Stereotactic Radiotherapy

Stereotactic radiotherapy is a powerful cancer treatment technique, but care must be taken in patient selection, treatment planning, and radiation delivery to avoid late side effects.

This continuing education article describes how conventional and stereotactic radiotherapy are used for definitive or palliative treatment in veterinary oncology and the importance of patient selection for these treatment options.

Review of Pemphigus Foliaceus in Dogs and Cats

Most cases of pemphigus foliaceus are presumed to be idiopathic. Immunosuppressive drugs are the most common treatment, and while recurrence is common, prognosis is fair to good.

Pemphigus foliaceus is the most common autoimmune skin disease in dogs and cats. The prognosis for dogs with PF is fair and for cats is good; however, recurrence is common. 

Evaluation After Tibial Plateau Leveling Osteotomy: A Guide for the General Practitioner

An understanding of the potential complications following TPLO surgery can help guide therapy and enable improved client counseling.

TPLO is one of the most commonly recommended and most successful surgical procedures for CCLR. Mild routine complications may be handled by the general practitioner; however, with regard to more severe complications, it is important to know when a patient should be referred back to the orthopedic surgeon or to a rehabilitation specialist. 

Dermatophytoses in Dogs and Cats

Dermatophytoses have a variety of clinical presentations, and a step-by-step logical approach is crucial for proper diagnosis.

Dermatophytosis is a zoonotic but curable disease. Establishing whether a patient is completely cured should be supported by a combination of resolution of clinical signs and negative culture. 

Multimodal Pain Management for Canine Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis treatment aims to delay disease progression, decrease inflammation, and ultimately improve the patient’s quality of life.

OA is common in dogs. Management involves multiple modalities and must be tailored to each patient and its owner.