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Canine/Canine Medicine

Diagnosis & Treatment of Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca in Dogs

Lori J. Best, DVM; Diane V.H. Hendrix, DVM, Diplomate ACVO; and Daniel A. Ward, DVM, PhD, Diplomate ACVO Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), is a relatively common condition in dogs, although the diagnosis is often overlooked. This article provides guidance on the pathophysiology, causes, diagnosis, and medical and surgical treatment for this condition. Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) is …

Treating Resistant Skin Infections in Dogs

The increasing prevalence of methicillin resistance has made treating pyoderma challenging. This article presents the clinical manifestations, methods for diagnosis, and treatments for drug-resistant canine pyoderma infections.

Pyoderma is a common skin disorder in small animal practice. Now that the major canine pathogen, Staphylococcus pseudintermedius, has acquired methicillin resistance, treatment has become more challenging and more expensive. Keys to success in treatment and prevention require: Prompt identification and treatment of the underlying cause Use of culture and sensitivity to guide antibiotic use …

Seizures and Dogs: 4 Important Questions

A useful working understanding of epilepsy in dogs is essential for the small animal practitioner.

Epilepsy in dogs is a common disease, and potentially life threatening. A useful working understanding of seizures in dogs is essential for veterinarians.

Disorders of Dental Hard Tissues in Dogs

Brook A. Niemiec, DVM, FAVD, Diplomate AVDC, Southern California Veterinary Dental Specialties, San Diego, California Many types of hard tissue pathology affect small animal veterinary patients. Many of these are caused by a form of trauma, but acidic degradation, infection, and genetics also play a role. ENAMEL HYPOCALCIFICATION/HYPOPLASIA1-4 Enamel is a very thin (< 1 …

Canine Cranial Cruciate Disease: An Evidence-Based Look at Current Treatment Modalities

James K. Roush, DVM, MS, Diplomate ACVS, Kansas State University This is the second article in a 2-part series on canine cranial cruciate rupture. The first article—Canine Cranial Cruciate Disease: Updating Our Knowledge about Pathogenesis and Diagnosis—was published in the July/August 2013 issue of Today’s Veterinary Practice. Canine cranial cruciate ligament rupture (CrCLR) has long …

Canine Lyme Disease: How Real is the Threat?

Canine Lyme borreliosis continues to generate considerable controversy in clinical practice, particularly as it pertains to risk for exposure, diagnosis, consequences of infection, and even prevention.

Canine Lyme disease, also called canine Lyme borreliosis, is among the most familiar tick (Ixodes species) transmitted infections known to occur in humans and dogs residing in North America. Despite being the subject of review articles,1,2 research studies, scientific proceedings, and symposia, canine Lyme borreliosis continues to generate considerable controversy in clinical practice, particularly as …

Infectious Respiratory & Canine Cranial Cruciate Diseases

The following statistics were extracted from data collected from the medical records of nearly 2.2 million dogs and 460,000 cats cared for in more than 800 Banfield Pet Hospitals (banfield.com) in 2012. Note that diagnosis was made based on the attending clinician’s judgment. INFECTIOUS RESPIRATORY DISEASE…BY THE NUMBERS Of all pets presented to Banfield Pet …

Corrective Surgery: Dogs with Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome

If performed early, surgery and corrective procedures can prevent development of secondary changes associated with brachycephalic airway syndrome.

Brachycephalic airway syndrome (BAS) refers to a group of primary and secondary abnormalities (Table 1) that result in upper airway obstruction. Primary abnormalities cause an increase in negative pressure within the upper airways that can eventually lead to secondary abnormalities. Any tissue that obstructs the airway lumen is a source of resistance. According to the …

Parasite Protocols: Canine Intestinal Helminths

Many dogs are affected by helminths despite prescribed broad-spectrum parasite control. This article focuses on helminths that affect the gastrointestinal system and highlights the importance of an annual fecal examination.