Oral Cyclosporine Use in Dogs
Cyclosporine is a potent immunosuppressive agent that has treatment applications in both veterinary and human medicine. Oral cyclosporine is currently being used to treat a spectrum of inflammatory and immune-mediated diseases in dogs, including but not limited to atopic dermatitis, autoimmune skin disorders, perianal fistula, inflammatory bowel disease, granulomatous meningoencephalitis, and immune-mediated blood disorders.
Allergic Dermatitis in Canines and Felines
Banfield Pet Hospital’s 2018 State of Pet Health® Report focused on the 3 common allergic dermatitis conditions found in pet patients: food, flea, and atopy.
Canine Atopic Dermatitis: Updates on Diagnosis and Treatment
Canine atopic dermatitis is a common skin disorder defined as a hereditary predisposition to develop pruritic inflammatory skin disease associated with IgE antibodies, which typically target environmental allergens. The disease typically affects dogs age 6 months to 3 years and is characterized by pruritus and secondary skin lesions of a characteristic distribution around the face (mouth, eyes), concave aspect of the ear pinnae, ventral abdomen, flexor aspects of elbow, carpal, and tarsal joints, interdigital skin, and perineal area. This article will help practitioners determine which flare factors (or environmental conditions) are responsible for CAD.
Dermatology Diagnostics: Skin Scrapes, Hair Plucks, and More
Parasites, such as chiggers and scabies-causing mites, can cause tremendous itching. Fungal organisms, such as dermatophytes, can affect the hair, resulting in fracturing and large areas of crusting, nodules, or excoriations. Not all dermal problems come from external threats; various breed-related issues, such as color-dilution alopecia, pattern baldness, and many autoimmune diseases, can develop over time. Here’s how to investigate some dermal conditions in cats and dogs.
Dermatology Diagnostics: Cutaneous Biopsy
Biopsy is often an important diagnostic step in determining the cause of cutaneous disease. An accurate diagnosis requires appropriate timing of the biopsy, careful site selection and biopsy technique, selection of a dermatopathologist.
The Challenge of Chronic Otitis in Dogs: From Diagnosis to Treatment
Understanding the causes and effects of otitis externa can aid in diagnosis and treatment of this dermatologic infection.
Canine chronic and recurrent otitis externa can be extremely challenging to treat and require multifactorial, step-by-step strategic plans. We look at how to diagnose and treat otitis successfully.
Dermatology Diagnostics: Cutaneous Cytology
The best method for obtaining material from the ear is with a cotton-tipped applicator; however, the health of the ear may limit access to sampling sites. For example, if a dog has end-stage proliferative ear disease, the degree of stenosis…
Diets and the Dermis: Nutritional Considerations in Dermatology
Dermatologic patients are often managed with topical and systemic pharmacologic therapies, but nutrition should be evaluated in all animals presenting with skin disease. Nutritional deficiencies…
Otitis Media/Interna: An Interview with Dr. Lori Thompson
In this How I Treat interview, Lori Thompson, DVM, DACVD, answers our questions about key treatment protocols for otitis media/interna. Otitis media—inflammation of the middle ear structures, occurs in dogs and cats of all ages and presents unilaterally or bilaterally.