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Emergency Medicine/Critical Care

environmental lung injuries in small animals

Treating Environmental Lung Injuries: Drowning and Smoke Inhalation

Management an environmental lung injury differs from the care given for other types of respiratory compromise.

Environmental lung injury can result from several causes, including drowning or smoke exposure from enclosed-space fires. Management of patients with environmental lung injuries differs from management of patients with the many other types of respiratory compromise. This article describes treatment of lung injury caused by drowning and smoke inhalation. DROWNING We will first discuss the …

Are Normal Electrolytes Really Normal?

Electrolyte disturbances are frequently encountered in veterinary patients and may warrant close evaluation and monitoring. Diseases of the kidneys and gastrointestinal tract and endocrinopathies often result in changes to electrolytes.1-3 Accurate initial assessment and serial monitoring for trends in electrolyte disturbances are essential to guide appropriate treatment of the underlying condition. However, in certain situations, …

Acute Glaucoma: A True Emergency

Examining the causes, clinical signs, and therapy for acute glaucoma in dogs.

Clinical signs of canine glaucoma are traditionally divided into acute and chronic, but in most cases, most dogs present with an acute attack of glaucoma, including congestion, edema, fixed dilated pupils, and loss of sight.

Chronic Vomiting in Cats: When to Recommend Endoscopy

Endoscopy can help determine the cause of the cat’s clinical signs of vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss, abdominal pain, or loss of appetite

Chronic vomiting is a common presenting sign for cats, and evaluation can be frustrating for both owners and veterinarians because of the long differential list. Endoscopy is warranted after systemic diseases have been ruled out, particularly in cases without solitary jejunal disease.

Pneumothorax: An Interview with Dr. Elisa Mazzaferro

Elisa Mazzaferro, DVM, PhD, DACVECC Staff Criticalist, Cornell University Veterinary Specialists, Adjunct Associate Clinical Professor of Emergency-Critical Care, Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine Today’s Veterinary Practice “How I Treat” column is based on the popular How I Treat sessions presented at the annual NAVC Conference (now VMX) in Orlando, Florida (navc.com/conference). This column features …