Emergency Medicine/Critical Care
Anaphylactic Shock: How to Effectively Diagnose and Treat
Anaphylaxis is a severe condition that requires rapid emergency treatment. Patient history and assessment are key in diagnosing and treating anaphylaxis.
Anaphylaxis is defined as the acute onset of a hypersensitivity reaction causing the release of mediators from mast cells and basophils. Anaphylaxis may be a life-threatening condition that can involve one or more organ systems.
The ADR (Ain’t Doing Right) Dog: Endocrine Emergencies
The owner reported that Lucky vomited in the car a week earlier when coming home from the groomer. Over the past week, Lucky’s appetite diminished but she seemed thirstier. Lucky had become progressively more lethargic and anorectic over the past 2 days….
Approach to Respiratory Distress in Dogs and Cats
Companion animals in respiratory distress are often fragile and can decompensate rapidly. Initial evaluation should be performed rapidly, with minimal stress to the patient.
Managing dogs and cats in respiratory distress is a multifaceted effort that involves stabilizing patients prior to determining a definitive diagnosis. Fortunately, respiratory distress—no matter what the cause—requires somewhat standardized interventions during initial stabilization.
Canine Pediatrics: The Vomiting Puppy
The day after the owners acquired JP, the puppy began vomiting and, the following day, he had diarrhea. Although there are differences between young and adult animals, pediatric patients can — and should — be treated aggressively. Read JP’s case report.
Although there are differences between young and adult animals, pediatric patients can — and should — be treated aggressively. Read JP’s case report.
Responding to a Cardiac Emergency: Pericardial Effusion in Canine Patients
Oriana D. Scislowicz, BS, LVT CVCA – Cardiac Care for Pets, Richmond, Virginia Pericardial effusion is considered a cardiac emergency situation that is most commonly seen in canine patients. It is very important, especially for veterinary technicians in emergency care facilities, to be able to recognize the signs of pericardial effusion and quickly respond. PATHOPHYSIOLOGY …
Epileptic Emergencies: Status Epilepticus in Canine Patients
Oriana D. Scislowicz, BS, LVT CVCA Cardiac Care for Pets, Richmond, Virginia Status epilepticus (SE) is characterized by epileptic seizures that continue for more than 5 minutes, or the occurrence of more than 1 seizure within a 5-minute period in which the human or animal does not return to “normal” in between seizures. Some seizures …
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome & Sepsis, Part 2: Stabilization & Treatment
Erin McGowan, VMD, and Deborah Silverstein, DVM, Diplomate ACVECC University of Pennsylvania Early recognition of patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and sepsis is imperative in order to optimize the chance of patient survival. Early intervention is then necessary to minimize further tissue ischemia, cellular damage, and organ injury. Part 1 of this series—Systemic …
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome and Sepsis, Part 1: Recognition and Diagnosis
Animals with evidence of a widespread systemic inflammatory condition should never be ignored; the deleterious consequences of excessive inflammation may include organ injury and death. Recognition and diagnosis of these emergent patients is the focus of Part 1 of this article series.
Heatstroke in Dogs
Brandy Tabor, CVT, VTS (ECC) This life-threatening condition can affect dogs of any age, breed, or gender. The author provides guidance on the types of heatstroke, risk factors, pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment therapies, and prevention. Heatstroke is a common problem in pets during the summer months, especially in hot, humid climates. This life-threatening condition can affect …