Esophageal Foreign Bodies in Dogs: Presentation and Removal
There are several ways to retrieve esophageal foreign bodies in dogs, including blind removal, endoscopic retrieval, fluoroscopic retrieval, and surgical retrieval.
There are several ways to retrieve an esophageal foreign body, including blind removal, endoscopic retrieval, fluoroscopic retrieval, and surgical retrieval.
Diagnosing Canine Abdominal Organ Torsions: Twisted in Every Way
Organ torsions may be relatively uncommmon but knowing how to properly diagnose them via imaging is imperative to saving a dog's life.
Organ torsions may be relatively uncommmon but knowing how to properly diagnose them via imaging is imperative to saving a dog’s life.
Treatment of Acute Pancreatitis in Dogs
This article addresses the major aspects of management of severe acute pancreatitis, including antiemetics, subcutaneous fluids, and a low-fat diet. More severe forms of pancreatitis require analgesia, nutritional management, antiemetics, gastrointestinal acid suppression, and correction of fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base abnormalities.
Diagnosing Acute Pancreatitis in Dogs
Pancreatitis causes significant illness in dogs and is considered to be the most common disease of the exocrine pancreas. The diagnosis of acute pancreatitis can be difficult because clinical signs and results of diagnostic testing are often nonspecific. This article addresses the diagnostic approach to patients with signs suggestive of pancreatitis.
Are Normal Electrolytes Really Normal?
Electrolyte disturbances are frequently encountered in veterinary patients and may warrant close evaluation and monitoring. Diseases of the kidneys and gastrointestinal tract and endocrinopathies often result in changes to electrolytes.1-3 Accurate initial assessment and serial monitoring for trends in electrolyte disturbances are essential to guide appropriate treatment of the underlying condition. However, in certain situations, …
Ultrasonography of the Gastrointestinal Tract: Ileum, Cecum, Colon
Welcome to our series of articles on small animal abdominal ultrasonography. The initial articles provided an overview of basic ultrasonography principles and a discussion about how to perform a systematic scan of the abdomen. The rest of the series discusses ultrasound evaluation of specific abdominal organs/systems. LOCALIZATION AND SCANNING TECHNIQUE Dogs and cats are …
Ultrasonography of the Gastrointestinal Tract: Stomach, Duodenum, and Jejunum
LOCALIZATION AND SCANNING TECHNIQUE Typically, an 8 to 10-MHz curved array or 12-MHz linear transducer is used for dogs and cats. Animals are usually scanned in dorsal recumbency; however, right and left lateral recumbency may assist with displacement of gas and fluid in the stomach to better visualize deeper structures. Longitudinal axis and transverse axis …
Diarrhea, Vomiting, and Food, Oh My! Nutritional Management for Gastrointestinal Disease
Nutritional management of gastrointestinal disease is a broad topic incorporating both acute and chronic diseases of the stomach, small intestines, pancreas, gallbladder, and colon. As such, this article introduces the types of gastrointestinal diets available to help the clinician decide which one is best based on their nutritional components.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Dogs and Cats
Inflammatory bowel disease is a multifactorial disease of dogs and cats characterized by chronic enteropathies that can significantly impact quality of life. This article discusses the believed influences on gut inflammation, potential diagnostics, treatment options, and clinical outcomes in light of the most recent literature available.