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https://todaysveterinarypractice.com/table-of-contents-november-december-2021/

Gastroenterology

Nutritional Management for Gastrointestinal Disease in Dogs and Cats

Several gastrointestinal diets can help address GI disease in dogs and cats based on their nutritional components. A major consideration in choosing a diet is the digestibility of the nutrients.

Nutritional deficiencies commonly occur as a consequence of gastrointestinal disease. Special diets for GI disease in dogs and cats can be effective based on their nutritional components.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Dogs and Cats

Diagnosis, diagnostics, and treatment for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in dogs and cats, a multifactorial disease characterized by chronic enteropathies that can significantly impact quality of life.

Inflammatory bowel disease is a multifactorial disease of dogs and cats characterized by chronic enteropathies that can significantly impact quality of life. This article discusses the believed influences on gut inflammation, potential diagnostics, treatment options, and clinical outcomes in light of the most recent literature available.

Chronic Vomiting in Cats: When to Recommend Endoscopy

Endoscopy can help determine the cause of the cat’s clinical signs of vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss, abdominal pain, or loss of appetite

Chronic vomiting is a common presenting sign for cats, and evaluation can be frustrating for both owners and veterinarians because of the long differential list. Endoscopy is warranted after systemic diseases have been ruled out, particularly in cases without solitary jejunal disease.

Intestinal Microbes and Digestive System Disease in Dogs

The intestinal microbiota comprises viruses, bacteria, fungi, and protozoa. In the past, the word microflora has been used to describe this complex ecosystem, but microbiota (from –bios, “living organisms”) is the more appropriate term. The microbiome is the collective genome of all these microbes. Most studies to date have focused on the bacterial microbiota, which …

Canine Insulinoma: Diagnosis, Treatment, & Staging

Aside from a histologic confirmation of insulinoma, no currently available diagnostic test provides a definitive diagnosis of insulinoma. Existing techniques may help increase suspicion for an insulin-secreting tumor but, with most diagnostic testing, it is imperative to interpret all results in the context of the coexisting clinical signs.

The Yellow Cat: Diagnostic & Therapeutic Strategies

There is no mystery when it comes to a “yellow” cat. Icterus and jaundice—both of which describe a yellowish pigmentation of the skin—indicate hyperbilirubinemia, a 5- to 10-fold elevation in serum bilirubin concentration.

However, this is where the certainty ends and the diagnostic challenge begins. The icteric cat presentation is not a sensitive or specific marker of disease, despite the visually obvious and impressive clinical sign…

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