Chronic Vomiting in Cats: When to Recommend Endoscopy
Endoscopy can help determine the cause of the cat’s clinical signs of vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss, abdominal pain, or loss of appetite
Chronic vomiting is a common presenting sign for cats, and evaluation can be frustrating for both owners and veterinarians because of the long differential list. Endoscopy is warranted after systemic diseases have been ruled out, particularly in cases without solitary jejunal disease.
Intestinal Microbes and Digestive System Disease in Dogs
Jan S. Suchodolski, MedVet, DrVetMed, PhD, AGAF, DACVM Texas A&M University The intestinal microbiota comprises viruses, bacteria, fungi, and protozoa. In the past, the word microflora has been used to describe this complex ecosystem, but microbiota (from –bios, “living organisms”) is the more appropriate term. The microbiome is the collective genome of all these microbes. …
Gastric Dilatation and Volvulus: Stabilization and Surgery
Gastric dilatation and volvulus (GDV) is an acute, life-threatening disorder in dogs, characterized by abnormal twisting of the stomach on its mesenteric axis, with subsequent gastric gas accumulation and distention.
Canine Insulinoma: Diagnosis, Treatment, & Staging
Aside from a histologic confirmation of insulinoma, no currently available diagnostic test provides a definitive diagnosis of insulinoma. Existing techniques may help increase suspicion for an insulin-secreting tumor but, with most diagnostic testing, it is imperative to interpret all results in the context of the coexisting clinical signs.
Lower Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Series, Part 2: Lower Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Techniques
Lower gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy is a minimally invasive diagnostic technique that allows the clinician to evaluate the mucosal surfaces…
The Yellow Cat: Diagnostic & Therapeutic Strategies
There is no mystery when it comes to a “yellow” cat. Icterus and jaundice—both of which describe a yellowish pigmentation of the skin—indicate hyperbilirubinemia, a 5- to 10-fold elevation in serum bilirubin concentration.
However, this is where the certainty ends and the diagnostic challenge begins. The icteric cat presentation is not a sensitive or specific marker of disease, despite the visually obvious and impressive clinical sign…
From Diagnosis to Treatment: A Case of Canine Acute Pancreatitis
Two days before presentation, Sidney began refusing to eat and became lethargic. At that time, she was taken to her primary care veterinarian; basic blood analysis and urinalysis were performed…
Lower Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Series, Part 1: Overview of Lower Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Lower gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy is a minimally invasive diagnostic technique that allows the clinician to evaluate the mucosal surfaces of the rectum, colon, ileocolic sphincter, cecum, and distal small intestine (ileum).
Medications for Acute Vomiting: Dogs & Cats
P. Jane Armstrong, DVM, MS, MBA, Diplomate ACVIM