https://todaysveterinarypractice.com/table-of-contents-july-august-2020/

Gastroenterology

Chronic Vomiting in Cats: When to Recommend Endoscopy

Endoscopy can help determine the cause of the cat’s clinical signs of vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss, abdominal pain, or loss of appetite

Chronic vomiting is a common presenting sign for cats, and evaluation can be frustrating for both owners and veterinarians because of the long differential list. Endoscopy is warranted after systemic diseases have been ruled out, particularly in cases without solitary jejunal disease.

Intestinal Microbes and Digestive System Disease in Dogs

Jan S. Suchodolski, MedVet, DrVetMed, PhD, AGAF, DACVM Texas A&M University The intestinal microbiota comprises viruses, bacteria, fungi, and protozoa. In the past, the word microflora has been used to describe this complex ecosystem, but microbiota (from –bios, “living organisms”) is the more appropriate term. The microbiome is the collective genome of all these microbes. …

Canine Insulinoma: Diagnosis, Treatment, & Staging

Aside from a histologic confirmation of insulinoma, no currently available diagnostic test provides a definitive diagnosis of insulinoma. Existing techniques may help increase suspicion for an insulin-secreting tumor but, with most diagnostic testing, it is imperative to interpret all results in the context of the coexisting clinical signs.

The Yellow Cat: Diagnostic & Therapeutic Strategies

There is no mystery when it comes to a “yellow” cat. Icterus and jaundice—both of which describe a yellowish pigmentation of the skin—indicate hyperbilirubinemia, a 5- to 10-fold elevation in serum bilirubin concentration.

However, this is where the certainty ends and the diagnostic challenge begins. The icteric cat presentation is not a sensitive or specific marker of disease, despite the visually obvious and impressive clinical sign…

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