Telmisartan for Treating Systemic Hypertension
A review of the mechanism of action of the angiotensin II receptor blocker telmisartan; plus, its use in veterinary medicine to date.
Feeding Cats With Chronic Kidney Disease: Customizing the Nutritional Management Plan
Nutritional intervention is the cornerstone for maintaining health and quality of life for cats with chronic kidney disease. Rather than resorting to the one-size-fits-all dietary approaches of the past, veterinarians today can manage patients as the unique individuals they are.
Chronic Kidney Disease Screening and Confirmation Testing in Cats
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of the most commonly diagnosed conditions in older cats. A 1992 study of 2228 cats found 31% of cats older than 10 years to be affected1; a smaller and more recent study of a random cohort of cats found incidence to be 50%.2 New testing options may help you …
Feeding Dogs with Chronic Kidney Disease: What the Evidence Can and Can’t Tell Us
NUTRITION STRATEGY Manipulating a patient’s diet can slow the progression of CKD, minimize uremic symptoms, and improve quality of life. Nutrition is arguably the most important aspect of chronic kidney disease (CKD) management. Manipulating the composition of a patient’s diet can slow the progression of CKD, minimize uremic symptoms, and improve quality of life. A …
Small Animal Abdominal Ultrasonography: The Pancreas
An overview of basic ultrasonography principles and a discussion about how to perform a systematic scan of the abdomen.
Liver Enzyme Interpretation and Liver Function Tests
Hepatobiliary disease is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in dogs and cats and can present a diagnostic challenge for two main reasons. First, patient signalment varies because liver disease and dysfunction can occur
To Feed or Not to Feed? Controversies in the Nutritional Management of Pancreatitis
nutritional management of pancreatitis continues to be guided primarily by the human literature and clinical experience due to lack of controlled clinical trials. Any…
Canine Chronic Hepatitis: Diagnosis & Treatment
Yuri Lawrence, DVM, MA, MS, Diplomate ACVIM Jörg Steiner, MedVet, DrMedVet, PhD, Diplomate ACVIM & ECVIM Texas A&M University Chronic hepatitis is the most common liver disease in dogs. The World Small Animal Veterinary Association Liver Standardization Group has published standards for diagnosis of the various forms of chronic hepatitis.1 This article reviews the current …
Feline Acute Pancreatitis: Current Concepts in Diagnosis & Therapy
P. Jane Armstrong, DVM, MS, MBA, Diplomate ACVIM, and Sarah Crain, DVM, MS, Diplomate ACVIM Pancreatitis appears to be a common disease in cats,1 yet it remains frustratingly difficult to establish a clinical diagnosis with certainty. Clinicians must rely on a combination of compatible clinical findings, serum feline pancreatic lipase (fPL) measurement, and ultrasonographic changes …