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https://todaysveterinarypractice.com/table-of-contents-november-december-2021/

Internal Medicine

Approaches to Opportunistic Fungal Infections in Small Animals

While treatment of opportunistic fungal infections is challenging, early recognition and aggressive treatment can enhance the potential for success.

Although the prognosis of fungal infections is guarded to poor, a multi-modal and aggressive approach can yield some positive results.

Essential to Every Cell: Cobalamin in Health and Disease

Clinical signs associated with hypocobalaminemia include gastrointestinal issues, immunodeficiency, metabolic derangements, and more.

Cobalamin, commonly known as vitamin B12, is a water-soluble vitamin used by every cell in the body, thus is required for maintenance of normal physiologic functions. Given cobalamin’s essential role in health, it follows that cobalamin-deficient states, or hypocobalaminemia, can contribute to disease pathophysiology.

Canine Immune-Mediated Polyarthritis: Meeting the Diagnostic and Therapeutic Challenges

Immune-mediated polyarthritis (IMPA) is an important condition to recognize in dogs. Treatment of IMPA is significantly different than treatment of many other conditions that may present with similar clinical signs, and protocols may vary between patients. Therefore, making an accurate diagnosis is critical. This article identifies some of the key considerations for establishing the diagnosis and making appropriate treatment plans for dogs with IMPA.

Fluid Therapy in Critical Care

Intravenous fluid administration is probably the most frequently used therapy in veterinary hospitals. Aggressive IV fluid resuscitation in emergent patients and continuous IV fluid administration in hospitalized patients have long been considered fundamental in the management of critically ill animals. However, research into whether the type and volume of fluids infused can contribute to comorbidities and decrease the chances of a favorable outcome continues. This article reviews new trends in fluid therapy in human and veterinary critical care medicine.

Sedation for Cats with Cardiovascular Disease

There are no safe sedative or anesthetic drugs, just safe delivery practices.

Cats represent a large part of the US pet population; as of 2012, the approximately 74.1 million cats outnumbered the approximately 69.9 million dogs in this country. Although these numbers represent an overall decline in dog and cat populations, the proportion of cats that are mature (>7 years old) or geriatric (>11 years old) has …

Pandora Syndrome in Cats: Diagnosis and Treatment

Providing an environment that is compatible with cats’ behavioral needs often seems to mitigate the effects of at least some manifestations of Pandora syndrome in addition to promoting their general health and welfare.

MRSA in the Veterinary Clinic: Management of Pets and People

Malia Ireland, DVM, MPH, Leslie Kollmann, BS, CVT, AAS, Joni Scheftel, DVM, MPH, DACVPM Staphylococcus aureus is a human-host adapted, Gram-positive bacteria commonly found on the skin and in the nasal passages of people. Often considered a commensal organism, it is also an opportunistic pathogen, causing skin and invasive infections. Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) was …

asthma in cats therapy and management

Asthma in Cats: Acute and Long-Term Management Guidelines

Allergic asthma in cats is an inflammatory airway condition that often requires multimodal therapy.

Management of the acute and the chronic asthmatic feline patient must be addressed using a multi-modal, anti-inflammatory approach. In acute exacerbations, feline asthma can be life-threatening and require emergent management.

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