Canine Immune-Mediated Polyarthritis: Meeting the Diagnostic and Therapeutic Challenges
Immune-mediated polyarthritis (IMPA) is an important condition to recognize in dogs. Treatment of IMPA is significantly different than treatment of many other conditions that may present with similar clinical signs, and protocols may vary between patients. Therefore, making an accurate diagnosis is critical. This article identifies some of the key considerations for establishing the diagnosis and making appropriate treatment plans for dogs with IMPA.
Fluid Therapy in Critical Care
Intravenous fluid administration is probably the most frequently used therapy in veterinary hospitals. Aggressive IV fluid resuscitation in emergent patients and continuous IV fluid administration in hospitalized patients have long been considered fundamental in the management of critically ill animals. However, research into whether the type and volume of fluids infused can contribute to comorbidities and decrease the chances of a favorable outcome continues. This article reviews new trends in fluid therapy in human and veterinary critical care medicine.
Sedation for Cats with Cardiovascular Disease
There are no safe sedative or anesthetic drugs, just safe delivery practices.
Cats represent a large part of the US pet population; as of 2012, the approximately 74.1 million cats outnumbered the approximately 69.9 million dogs in this country. Although these numbers represent an overall decline in dog and cat populations, the proportion of cats that are mature (>7 years old) or geriatric (>11 years old) has …
Pandora Syndrome in Cats: Diagnosis and Treatment
Providing an environment that is compatible with cats’ behavioral needs often seems to mitigate the effects of at least some manifestations of Pandora syndrome in addition to promoting their general health and welfare.
MRSA in the Veterinary Clinic: Management of Pets and People
Malia Ireland, DVM, MPH, Leslie Kollmann, BS, CVT, AAS, Joni Scheftel, DVM, MPH, DACVPM Staphylococcus aureus is a human-host adapted, Gram-positive bacteria commonly found on the skin and in the nasal passages of people. Often considered a commensal organism, it is also an opportunistic pathogen, causing skin and invasive infections. Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) was …
The Asthmatic Cat: Management Guidelines
Management of the acute and the chronic asthmatic feline patient must be addressed using a multi-modal, anti-inflammatory approach. In acute exacerbations, feline asthma can be life-threatening and require emergent management.
Fluid Therapy in Hospitalized Patients, Part 2: Electrolyte Abnormalities and Fluid Balance
Bridget M. Lyons, VMD Lori S. Waddell, DVM, DACVECC University of Pennsylvania HOLDING WATER Water loss may result from pure water loss, as seen with diabetes insipidus, elevated body temperature, primary hypodipsia, and water restriction. Alternatively, it may occur with loss of fluids that are hypotonic relative to plasma, such as with vomiting, diarrhea, third-space …
Fluid Therapy in Hospitalized Patients, Part 1: Patient Assessment and Fluid Choices
Bridget M. Lyons, VMD Lori S. Waddell, DVM, DACVECC University of Pennsylvania GO WITH THE FLOW Fluid therapy is a mainstay of care in the hospitalized small animal patient. Assessment of a patient’s fluid deficits and ongoing needs will help determine what variety of fluid and rate to use. Fluid therapy is an essential component …
Regenerative Medicine for Soft Tissue Injury & Osteoarthritis
Regenerative medicine is often used as an adjunct to surgical, medical, and/or rehabilitation therapy in a multimodal approach to treat a condition or injury. As with any other treatment modality, it is important to obtain a definitive diagnosis and tailor an appropriate treatment plan for the patient.