Use of Acupuncture for Pain Management
While pharmacologic options remain the mainstays, nonpharmacologic interventions—including acupuncture—are an important and safe part of a comprehensive pain management plan for animals.
Canine Hypothyroidism: Diagnosis and Treatment
Hypothyroidism is a common endocrine disease of dogs. Measurement of T4 concentration is helpful to rule out hypothyroidism but should not be solely relied on to confirm the diagnosis.
Managing Uveitis in Dogs and Cats
Managing uveitis centers on controlling inflammation, reducing pain, and preserving vision, but identifying the underlying condition requires skill and dedication.
The causes of uveitis are numerous and often elusive. Educating clients on the potential complications of uncontrolled uveitis (cataracts, glaucoma, loss of vision, pain) greatly increases compliance with therapy and follow-up visits to maximize success.
The Therapeutic Power of Monoclonal Antibody Therapy
Biotherapeutics are still relatively new in veterinary medicine. This article reviews biologic therapy as it relates specifically to monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and covers the only fully licensed and commercially available product, lokivetmab (Cytopoint).