Alfaxalone: An Old Drug in a New Formulation
Alfaxalone has been used to induce general anesthesia for many years, but only recently has a new formulation with preservatives become available in the United States. This formulation has a shelf life of 28 days after first use. It is approved for IV administration to induce and maintain general anesthesia in dogs and cats; however, it is also used via the IM route for induction and sedation (off label).
Managing Feline Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common endocrinopathy in cats, with reported prevalence rates ranging from 0.4% to 1.2%. Factors related to the patient’s diet and adiposity and the presence of comorbid conditions (e.g., acromegaly, pancreatitis) likely contribute to the pathogenesis of feline DM as well as influence response to therapy and chances for achieving remission.
Nutritional Management of Idiopathic Epilepsy in Dogs
Epilepsy is the most common chronic neurologic disorder encountered in small animal practice and is estimated to affect up to 0.75% of dogs in the general population. Evidence suggests that dietary therapy may have a beneficial effect on seizure control as well.
Tick-borne Rickettsial Infections of Dogs
Rickettsial organisms are small, obligate intracellular bacteria in the order Rickettsiales. Two families—Anaplasmataceae and Rickettsiaceae—contain species that infect dogs. These pathogens are transmitted by a variety of tick vectors, maintained in wildlife and domestic reservoirs, and can cause clinical disease in humans, dogs, and other domestic animals. This article discusses the basic epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of canine ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis, and Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF).
Yorkshire Terrier’s Leg Bones Regrown by UC Davis Surgeons Following a Severe Nonunion Fracture
UC Davis orthopedic surgeon Dr. Amy Kapatkin uses bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) to regrow the bones in the leg of a Yorkshire Terrier against great odds.
Evaluating and Managing Chronic Cough in Dogs
Chronic cough in dogs is a common presenting complaint in small animal practice. This article focuses on respiratory causes of chronic cough in dogs.
Evaluating Fresh Diets in Practice
Dietary trends for dogs and cats closely mirror those of their owners, and it is no surprise that home-prepared meals and their commercialized derivatives are now encountered in practice. These diets pose potential benefits as well as challenges, and clients increasingly expect veterinarians to demonstrate knowledge of them.