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The Practitioner’s Guide to Neurologic Causes of Canine Anisocoria

Heidi Barnes Heller, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM (Neurology), and Ellison Bentley, DVM, Diplomate ACVO University of Wisconsin–Madison Anisocoria is defined as pupil asymmetry, and may be seen with ocular or neurologic dysfunction (Figure 1).1 When anisocoria is caused by neurologic disease, unequal pupil size may result from malfunction of the sympathetic, parasympathetic, or visual systems. When …

Epileptic Emergencies: Status Epilepticus in Canine Patients

Oriana D. Scislowicz, BS, LVT CVCA Cardiac Care for Pets, Richmond, Virginia Status epilepticus (SE) is characterized by epileptic seizures that continue for more than 5 minutes, or the occurrence of more than 1 seizure within a 5-minute period in which the human or animal does not return to “normal” in between seizures. Some seizures …

Seizures and Dogs: 4 Important Questions

A useful working understanding of epilepsy in dogs is essential for the small animal practitioner.

Epilepsy in dogs is a common disease, and potentially life threatening. A useful working understanding of seizures in dogs is essential for veterinarians.

Focus on Diabetes Mellitus and Seizures

In each issue of Today’s Veterinary Practice, Pet Health by the Numbers correlates specific article topics with statistics provided by Banfield Pet Hospital (banfield.com). These statistical data are extracted from the medical records of nearly 2.2 million dogs and 460,000 cats presented to more than 800 Banfield Pet Hospitals in 2012 (seizure data) and almost …

The Neurologic Examination In Companion Animals, Part 2: Interpreting Abnormal Findings

Helena Rylander, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM (Neurology) Once a neurologic examination has been completed in a patient, the practitioner can use the abnormalities, or lack thereof, to help localize the lesion to the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nervous system, or cauda equine, which provides critical information on the patient’s condition. A complete neurologic examination should be …

Acute Spinal Cord Injuries

Adam Moeser, DVM, and Charles Vite, DVM, PhD, Diplomate ACVIM (Neurology) Acute spinal cord injury is a major cause of neurologic dysfunction in dogs and somewhat less so in cats. ACUTE SPINAL CORD INJURIES: STEP BY STEP History: When a dog or cat presents with evidence of acute spinal cord injury, obtain a detailed history …