Feeding Cats With Chronic Kidney Disease: Customizing the Nutritional Management Plan
Nutritional intervention is the cornerstone for maintaining health and quality of life for cats with chronic kidney disease. Rather than resorting to the one-size-fits-all dietary approaches of the past, veterinarians today can manage patients as the unique individuals they are.
Gabapentin and Amantadine for Chronic Pain: Is Your Dose Right?
Pain management is an important element of chronic conditions, and the use of gabapentin and amantadine for dogs and cats is a possible treatment.
The scientific mechanisms of gabapentin and amantadine support their use as part of analgesic protocols for chronic pain relief in dogs and cats. Each can effectively treat chronic pain, but how do you know when to choose one drug over the other?
Clinical Approaches to Common Ocular Tumors
In companion animals, intraocular tumors are relatively uncommon, but those that do occur can be primary, metastatic, or locally invasive. We review the types of intraocular neoplasia most frequently seen in our canine and feline patients.
Gait Abnormality: Musculoskeletal or Neurologic Condition?
When an animal is presented to you with a history of lameness or a gait abnormality, you need to determine whether the problem is musculoskeletal, neurologic, or both, so you can recommend the appropriate treatment. To arrive at an appropriate diagnosis, you must collect the signalment and a thorough history, conduct a physical examination (including …