Hookworms in Dogs
Hookworms is the common name for a group of strongylid parasites that affect dogs and live in the small intestine. Although there are several species, this article will focus on Ancylostoma caninum. As with other parasites, if we understand their life cycle, we can better treat and prevent their transmission.
First Aid/Temporary Immobilization of Limb Fractures With Bandages and Splints
Some long bone fractures are best managed with bandages or splints for temporary “first aid” immobilization until definitive treatment via surgical fixation can be achieved; other fractures can be effectively managed with a splint or cast as the primary definitive treatment.
Treating and Managing Diabetes Mellitus in Dogs
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common endocrine disease in dogs.This disease results from an absolute or relative lack of the hormone insulin.
Laser Therapy for Treatment of Joint Disease in Dogs and Cats
Photobiomodulation (PBMT), or laser therapy, is a rapidly growing treatment modality used for a variety of medical conditions in companion animals. PBMT is painless, noninvasive, and easily administered in a primary care setting.
Oclacitinib: Treating Pruritus and Beyond
For years, glucocorticoids and cyclosporine have been used for the symptomatic management of atopic dermatitis, including the associated pruritus. In the past 5 years, however, oclacitinib (Apoquel; zoetisus.com), a Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor, has become another important drug in the management of allergic pruritus.
Caloric Restriction Without Malnutrition
One concern with weight-loss programs is that use of inappropriate diets and/or levels of caloric restriction can lead to inadequate nutrient intake, resulting in nutritional deficiencies. Severe caloric restriction can also have adverse metabolic effects that work against achieving successful, safe weight loss. This article provides guidance for calculating caloric requirements for an obesity management plan to avoid the adverse effects of severe caloric restriction, as well as for choosing an appropriate diet for weight-loss programs to avoid nutritional deficiencies.
Chronic Pancreatitis in Cats
Pancreatitis is common among cats, although its exact incidence is unknown. The disease can take several forms—acute, chronic, and acute on chronic (an episode of acute pancreatitis in a patient with chronic pancreatitis)—and differentiating among the forms clinically and making an antemortem diagnosis in cats remain challenging.
Skin Fold Dermatitis (Intertrigo) in Dogs
Intertrigo, or skin fold dermatitis, is caused by frictional trauma resulting in inflammation and/or microbial overgrowth of closely apposed skin surfaces. Resolution is commonly achieved with topical treatment.
Roundworms in Dogs
Our 3-part series examines how to treat and prevent transmission of roundworms, hookworms, and whipworms. In Part 1, the author discusses roundworms, including the life cycle of these parasites (they look like strands of cooked spaghetti, live in the dog‘s intestines, and pretty much just swim in the dog‘s partially digested food) and how to prevent their transmission.