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Swift

Continuing Education: Cardiology Congestive Heart Failure in Canines

Simon Swift, MA, VetMB, CertSAC, DECVIM (Cardiology), MRCVS University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine Heart failure is a syndrome of clinical signs that, although well recognized by clinicians, is difficult to define precisely. It involves the heart’s inability to maintain output sufficient to meet the body’s needs, or to do so at normal filling …

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