Diagnosing and Managing Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease
Feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) is a general term used to describe conditions affecting the bladder or urethra of cats; it is not a syndrome or specific diagnosis. It has been reported that between 4.5% and 8% of cats presenting to veterinary practices or teaching hospitals have FLUTD.
Pandora Syndrome in Cats: Diagnosis and Treatment
Providing an environment that is compatible with cats’ behavioral needs often seems to mitigate the effects of at least some manifestations of Pandora syndrome in addition to promoting their general health and welfare.
Finding the Balance in Your Patients with Cardiovascular and Renal Disease
Audrey K. Cook, BVM&S, DACVIM, DECVIM, DABVP (Feline) Ashley B. Saunders, DVM, DACVIM (Cardiology) Texas A&M University Detecting Heart Disease Most heart disease in dogs is unmasked by clues detected during physical examination (eg, murmur, arrhythmia, or jugular pulses). Cardiovascular and renal disease are commonly diagnosed in cats and dogs; incidence increases with patient age. …
Ultrasonography of the Urinary Tract: Kidneys and Ureters
Elizabeth Huynh, DVM, and Clifford R. Berry, DVM, DACVR University of Florida Welcome to our series of articles on small animal abdominal ultrasonography. The initial articles provided an overview of basic ultrasonography principles and a discussion about how to perform a systematic scan of the abdomen. The rest of the series discusses ultrasound evaluation of …
Urethral Incompetence in Dogs: Updates in Management
Urethral incompetence is the most common reason for urinary incontinence in the dog. Management of these patients can start out as …
Use of Antibiotics for the Urinary Tract
Most UTIs are successfully treated with commonly used drugs, dosages, and administration intervals. However, infections can be challenging to effectively treat when they involve the kidneys (pyelonephritis) and prostate (prostatitis)…
Treatment Guidelines for Chronic Kidney Disease in Dogs & Cats: International Renal Interest Society Recommendations
The International Renal Interest Society (IRIS, iris-kidney.com) was created to advance the scientific understanding of kidney disease in small animals and, specifically, to help practitioners better diagnose, understand, and treat canine and feline renal disease.
Small Animal Abdominal Ultrasonography, The Urinary Tract: Urinary Bladder & Urethra
The bladder is usually examined when it is distended with urine as an empty or minimally distended urinary bladder…
Feline Urethral Obstruction: Diagnosis & Management
Feline UO is a treatable emergency, with a survival rate to discharge higher than 90%, despite the fact that it is potentially life threatening due to severe electrolyte and acid–base imbalances secondary to acute postrenal azotemia/uremia.