A LINK BETWEEN FELINE AND HUMAN MEDICINE COULD BENEFIT HIV TREATMENT IN HUMANS
Two scientists from the Technion–Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa, Prof. Akram Alian and Dr. Meytal Galilee, recently deciphered the structure of a protein in feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) that also presents itself in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Alian and Galilee contend that their findings could serve as the building blocks towards the formulation of new drugs to counteract the drug resistance of HIV-1. “Our discovery can assist in the development of next generation anti-HIV inhibitors that can overcome the resistance now seen in the feline virus, which, perhaps, can be accessible to therapeutically challenged HIV-1 viruses in the future,” said Galilee.
To reach these conclusions, the two researchers focused on the reverse transcriptase (RT) protein. RT is the target for the majority of anti-HIV-1 drugs. RT catalyzes the central step in the virus replication cycle converting the viral RNA genome into DNA for subsequent integration into the host genome. Alian and Galilee resolved the protein using purification and crystallization techniques in order to analyze its structure.
When asked what led them to examine reverse transcriptase from FIV, Alian responded, “Reverse transcriptase of the feline virus is particularly interesting because it is inherently resistant to all allosteric drugs targeting the HIV-1 enzyme. We anticipated that underscoring the puzzling resistance mechanisms of the feline enzyme would provide important breakthroughs in the anti-HIV field.”
Through their structural analysis of the FIV reverse transcriptase protein, the researchers discovered that it generates a “closed” pocket that could prevent reverse-transcriptase inhibitor (RTI) binding. This binding blocks the protein, so its prevention essentially renders the protein resistant to the drugs.
The research team believes their discovery will have a beneficial impact on future studies into HIV-1 drug resistance.
“Our discovery can provide researchers with a fresh template for reverse transcriptase, which is targeted by the majority of anti-AIDS drugs. This template can now be exploited for the design of next generation inhibitors,” said Alian.
The researchers reported their findings in the journal PLOS Pathogens, which you can view in its entirety by clicking here.
FELINE MEDICINE AMONG THE REMAINING OPEN COURSES AT NAVC INSTITUTE 2018
If feline veterinary care is a point of emphasis for you and your practice, be sure to sign up for the Feline Medicine course at NAVC Institute 2018! There’s still time to register for this and the following courses during this immersive learning experience from May 20 – 25 in Orlando, FL:
Click on each course for more details and links to register!
BANFIELD PET HOSPITAL UNVEILS NEW ANESTHESIA PROGRAM
Earlier this month, Banfield Pet Hospital introduced the newest edition of its anesthetic and pain management guidelines and protocols: Anesthesia and Analgesia for the Veterinary Practitioner: Canine and Feline.
This edition is a continuation of 15 years of work, during which time Banfield has made its Anesthesia for the Pet Practitioner publication available online to all veterinary professionals.
“At Banfield Pet Hospital, we are passionate about and feel a responsibility to share our insights and resources with the broader veterinary profession to help promote quality-care practices and build sustainable outcomes for pets,” said Karen Faunt, DVM, MS, DACVIM, Vice President of Veterinary Quality and Operations, Banfield Pet Hospital. “Providing high-quality medicine is at the heart of what we aim to do for every pet that walks through our doors, and Banfield’s new anesthesia program was thoughtfully designed to support not only our hospitals but also thousands of other veterinary teams in delivering on that goal.”
This latest iteration will arm veterinary professionals with the tools needed to deliver quality anesthesia to pets. Resources include a Medical Quality Standards program, job aids, an individualized anesthesia dosage calculator, and more.
A full suite of resources can be found here: banfield.com/anesthesia
NEW APP AVAILABLE TO IDENTIFY HAZARDOUS DRUGS
The U.S Pharmacopeial Convention (USP) recently introduced a new mobile app designed to help veterinarians and veterinary employers improve safety in the handling of dangerous drugs.
The goal of the app is to help healthcare workers, including veterinarians, safely handle hazardous drugs as labeled under USP’s General Chapter <800> Hazardous Drugs — Handling in Healthcare Settings.
The app is called HazRx, and is available for $3.99 on both Apple and Android devices.
Using the app, veterinarians will be able to:
- Identify if the drug they are handling is hazardous
- Get information on how to safely handle hazardous drugs in accordance to standards
- Stay up-to-date on the list of hazardous drugs with monthly updates
For more information, please click here.
NEW ANTIMICROBIAL POLICY FOR VETERINARY MEDICINE ESTABLISHED BY AVMA
This January, the AVMA House of Delegates reached a unanimous decision to introduce and enact a policy on antimicrobial stewardship.
Antimicrobial stewardship refers to the actions veterinarians take individually and as a profession to preserve the effectiveness and availability of antimicrobial drugs through conscientious oversight and responsible medical decision-making while safeguarding animal, public, and environmental health.
According to an official description of the new policy, the following principles can be used to develop antimicrobial stewardship plans in any veterinary practice setting:
- Commit to stewardship
- Advocate for a system of care to prevent common diseases
- Select and use antimicrobial drugs judiciously
- Evaluate antimicrobial drug use practices
- Educate and build expertise
Using these principles, veterinarians are urged to take action.
For more details on the new policy, please click here.
UPDATE ON FDA VETERINARY DRUG REGULATION
In late February, the FDA’s Center for Veterinary Medicine released an updated list of veterinary drug guidances under development for 2018.
Veterinary professionals are urged to review this new list with a keen eye, so as to align with new regulations. The list includes both guidance topics and possible new topics for guidance documents or revisions to existing guidance documents that the CVM is considering.
The CVM “currently intend[s] to develop guidance on each topic; however, the Center is neither bound by thos list of topics, nor required to issue every guidance document on this list. [The CVM] is not precluded from developing guidance documents on topics not on this list.”
The full list of guidances can be viewed by clicking here.
VMX 2018: NEW PRODUCT GALLERY
Featuring the latest and greatest products and services in the veterinary industry, the New Product Gallery was on full display at VMX 2018! Visitors to the gallery took advantage of the opportunity to view photos and descriptions of this year’s innovative products and services.
The NAVC New Product Gallery selection committee, made up of industry veterinarians and veterinary technicians, selected the products that were launched, or will be launching, between February 2017 and July 2018.
New Product Gallery Participants:
- Abaxis – VetScan® SA Urine Sediment Analyzer
The VetScan SA enables practitioners to perform urine microscopy with consistency and reliability at the point-of-care.
- Animal Necessity – Ocu-GLO™ Powder Blend
The latest member to join the Ocu-GLO family of products, follows suit in specifically supporting your patient’s eyes – containing our proprietary (GLO) blend of Grape Seed Extract, Lutein and Omega Fatty Acids.
- Blue Buffalo – BLUE Natural Veterinary Diet NP Novel Protein Alligator
BLUE Natural Veterinary Diet NP Novel Protein Alligator is a veterinary-exclusive diet featuring a high-quality, single intact animal protein source, alligator, rarely associated with food intolerance in pets.
- Ceva Animal Health – FELISCRATCH by FELIWAY™*
FELISCRATCH by FELIWAY™* is a new, clinically proven pheromone that offers a simple answer to cat’s inappropriate scratching by redirecting scratching onto the scratching post.
- Clarius Mobile Health – Clarius C7 Veterinary Ultrasound Scanner
Affordable and easy to learn and use, Clarius makes ultrasound more accessible for veterinarians.
- Elanco Animal Health – Credelio™ (lotilaner)
Credelio kills adult fleas and is indicated for the treatment of flea infestations and the treatment and control of tick infestations, Dermacentor variabilis, Ixodes scapularis and Rhipicephalus sanguineus for one month in dogs and puppies 8 weeks of age and older, and weighing 4.4 pounds or greater.
- ELEVET – ViScopeVET
The ViScopeVET is a compact electronic stethoscope combining a high resolution visual display with traditional auscultation.
- IDEXX – Catalyst® SDMA Test
The Catalyst® SDMA Test helps you assess kidney function earlier and is less impacted by extrarenal factors, like body condition, advanced age, and disease state.
- Kindred Biosciences, Inc: Mirataz™ (mirtazapine transdermal ointment)
Mirataz is a transdermal formulation of mirtazapine under development to be used in cats for the management of weight loss.
- KRUUSE – X-Lifter Patient Transport Table
Innovative product provides the ability to safely lift and transport up to 177 lbs, while offering improved ergonomics and working conditions for vets, cutting edge moving ability, and superior balance and weight distribution for increased stability and patient safety.
- Merck Animal Health – BRAVECTO® (fluralaner topical solution) FOR DOGS
Bravecto (fluralaner topical solution) kills fleas, prevents flea infestations, and kills ticks (black-legged, American dog and brown dog ticks) for 12 weeks; it also kills lone star ticks for 8 weeks.
- Purina Pro Plan Veterinary Diets – NF Kidney Function™ Early Care & NF Kidney Function™ Advanced Care
Purina® Pro Plan® Veterinary Diets is introducing a two-stage approach to kidney care: NEW NF Kidney Function™ Early Care with a moderate amount of high-quality protein and restricted phosphorus, and IMPROVED NF Kidney Function™ Advanced Care with a reduced amount of high-quality protein and restricted phosphorus.
- Royal Canin – Feline Satiety® Support Weight Management Loaf in Sauce and Feline Satiety® Support Weight Management Morsels in Gravy
The new Feline Satiety® Support Weight Management Loaf in Sauce and Feline Satiety® Support Weight Management Morsels in Gravy are formulated with high protein and high fiber to help cats feel fuller longer and reduce begging behaviors.
- SOUND® – doctorVet
doctorVet is the most cost-effective Class IV Therapy Laser in the veterinary market, with a simple 3-touch interface, multi-phase protocols specific ton species and condition, and TOBI (Treatments with On Board Instructions).
- SOUND® – Flex DR
SOUND® has introduced the future of digital radiography – a revolutionary device combining acquisition workstation hardware into a state of the art digital detector that weighs only 5 lbs
- VEDCO – A1CARE (A1C/Glycohemoglobin)
A1CARE is a glycohemoglobin (A1C) diagnostic test for the diagnosis and management of diabetes mellitus in canines and felines.
- Vet Innovations, Inc.™ – PortionPro Rx™
The PortionPro Rx™ is the only professional-grade device that automatically serves portion-controlled meals to a specific pet, while denying all others access.
THERE’S STILL TIME TO REGISTER FOR COURSES AT THE NAVC INSTITUTE 2018
The NAVC Institute 2018 is right around the corner! Taking place May 20-25 in Orlando, Florida, The NAVC Institute 2018 offers veterinary practitioners the opportunity to amplify their skills with intensive learning.
Choose from nine hands-on courses (including two Ultrasound courses) with focused curriculum and intimate class sizes that will help you achieve your professional and personal goals. Each course yields 32 CE credit hours (RACE approved).
ABVP Examination Preparation
Course Leader: Mark E. Epstein, DVM, Dipl. ABVP (C/F), dAAPM, CVPP
This course is encouraged for candidates seeking the American Board of Veterinary Practitioners (ABVP) Diplomate status, as well as anyone interested in a hardcore review of general medicine.
Applied Behavioral Medicine
Course Leader: Karen Overall, MA, VMD, PhD, DACVB
Almost 60% of clients have questions about their dog’s or cat’s behavior during any visit, and research indicates that most of these questions go unanswered. This course was created to bridge the gap between need and knowledge. This is an applied behavioral medicine course designed to allow practitioners to go home and start working with patient behaviors that they might have previously avoided.
Course Leader: Matthew Winter, DVM, DACVR
This course will combine the perspectives of a clinical pathologist, radiologist and an internist to provide insights into selecting, implementing and interpreting diagnostic tests in the context of complex clinical cases.
Course Leader: Susan Little, DVM, DABVP (Feline)
Update your feline medicine knowledge and skills in this intensive course taught by experts in the field. This small group experience will give you close contact with course instructors and colleagues as well as the opportunity to learn through case-based management and a hands-on feline medicine techniques and procedures dry lab.
Practical Dentistry: Seek Your Teeth Into It! LIMITED AVAILABILITY
Course Leader: Cindy Charlier, DVM, DAVDC
Join us as we share our knowledge and passion about veterinary dentistry with you in a practical and fun learning environment. Walk away at the end of the week with confidence and skills to be able to recognize and treat most of the oral disease you will encounter in your practice.
Practical Orthopedic Surgical Techniques LIMITED AVAILABILITY
Course Leader: Ross H. Palmer, DVM, MS, DACVS
This course is designed to equip the practicing veterinarian with new and refined skills in practical small animal orthopedic procedures. Veterinarians will learn when and when not to perform practical orthopedic surgical procedures and how to perform them with excellence.
You won’t want to miss The NAVC Institute 2018 – it’s the one event each year offering an all-inclusive, totally immersive learning style that will enhance your abilities and elevate your skillset.
Register now at NAVC.com/Institute
NOMINATION PERIOD OPENS FOR 2018 IRON PAW AWARD
As seen on Today’s Veterinary Business
The Kansas City Animal Health Corridor is looking for an industry contributor to honor at its next Homecoming Dinner.
Nominations are being taken until Feb. 23 for the 2018 Iron Paw, an award given annually to someone who has furthered the animal health industry through innovation, education, public awareness, market expansion or employment.
The 2018 honoree will be in distinguished company. The past two Iron Paw winners were Rich Shuler, president and CEO of Shuler Consulting Services, and Ralph C. Richardson, DVM, DACVIM, former dean of the Kansas State University College of Veterinary Medicine.
The award is open to anyone in research, academia, industry or government work.
More information is available at http://bit.ly/2rclKzD.
The Homecoming Dinner is scheduled for Aug. 20 at the Kansas City Convention Center.
JANUARY IS NATIONAL WALK YOUR PET MONTH!
This month, add to your list of New Year’s resolutions by putting toe to pavement with your four-legged friend! January is recognized as National Walk Your Pet Month and pet owners and veterinary professionals can both do their part to celebrate.
According to Pet Obesity Prevention, 57.9% of American pets are overweight or obese. Simply increasing the frequency of walks an owner takes with their pet can be a great tool for combatting this issue.
We urge veterinary professionals to do their part by emphasizing the importance of daily exercise to their clients!
STATE OF THE PROFESSION SYMPOSIUM AT VMX
If you’re a veterinarian who owns a practice, a practice manager or team leader, this is an event you cannot afford to miss!
NAVC and Today’s Veterinary Business and Vetalytix have brought together the leading experts in the fields of veterinary economics, animal health market intelligence and pet owner and consumer insights to present the most significant market and consumer trends impacting the companion animal veterinary practice. We will cover:
- The evolving market for pet and veterinary services
- Emerging forces shaping the future veterinary business model
- Trends in clinical practices and variations in key US markets
- Pet spending trends and insights into consumer behavior
- Big data as a driver for decision making in small businesses
Presenters will be David Sprinkle, Research Director from Packaged Facts, Michael Dicks, PhD, Director of Economics for the AVMA and Chris Ragland, CEO of Animalytix and Vetalytix.
Mark your calendar for February 5th 10:15 – 11:45am at the Hyatt Regency Hotel Regency T Ballroom. Tickets are limited for this event, so please click here to register now. Only registered attendees will be admitted. There is no cost to attend.
NEW STUDY DEMONSTRATES LOSS OF DRUG POTENCY FOR COMPOUNDED DRUG DURING STORAGE
According to a recent study funded by Morris Animal Foundation, a commonly compounded antimicrobial drug used in veterinary medicine may be losing potency over time.
The drug, doxycycline, is used to treat bacterial infections in both cats and dogs. The drug is often offered in a compounded form due to the difficulty pet owners experience in their attempts to give large tablets to their animals. In addition, the compounded version of the drug is offered during periods of limited availability of FDA-approved doxycycline.
According to a press release from the Morris Animal Foundation, the work done by the research team at Kansas State University showed that “compounded formulations of doxycycline lost potency within three weeks of receipt, with many dropping to sub-therapeutic content in that time.”
The team conducted its research by comparing FDA-approved formulations of doxycycline with compounded doxycycline obtained from three national pharmacies. They measured the content one day after receipt of medication, and again at day 21. The data they gathered showed that the potency of each drug varied between preparations at both time points.To view the full press release, which includes links to the study, please click here.
ARATANA THERAPEUTICS GRANTED CONDITIONAL LICENSE FOR A CANINE OSTEOSARCOMA THERAPEUTIC
Aratana Therapeutics recently announced that the USDA Center for Veterinary Biologics granted the company a conditional licensure for Canine Osteosarcoma Vaccine, Live Listeria Vector (AT-014). The vaccine will be used to treat Osteosarcoma-afflicted dogs, one year of age or older.
The vaccine was developed by using a listeria based antigen delivery system licensed from Advaxis, Inc. It utilizes the afflicted dog’s immune system and its ability to attack bacterial infections, redirecting it to fight cancer cells.
“Osteosarcoma is the most common primary bone tumor in dogs and, since there haven’t been advances to raise the standard of care in nearly 20 years, dogs often face a poor prognosis,” states Ernst Heinen, DVM, PhD, Chief Development Officer of Aratana Therapeutics. “We are hopeful that our Canine Osteosarcoma Vaccine will be a new tool for veterinary oncologists to prolong survival in dogs with osteosarcoma.”
Aratana hopes to progress from holding a conditional licensure to acquiring a full licensure. As required by the USDA to do so, the company plans to conduct an extended field study in a clinical setting and anticipates initiating the study in early 2018.
To begin, the vaccine will be made available for purchase at approximately two dozen veterinary oncology practice groups across the United States who participates in the study.For more details regarding the specifics of the research, click here.
DECEMBER 27TH IS VISIT THE ZOO DAY!
December 27th is nationally recognized as Visit the Zoo Day! Zoos are at the forefront of animal behavior research, while continuing to refine effective practices for the protection of vulnerable animals from extinction.
Take advantage of this opportunity, grab your friends and family and head to your local zoo!
In addition, for those interested, be sure to check out our zoo-veterinarian-specific classes at VMX 2018. This track, led by the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, includes sessions such as: “The Elephant Foot in Health and Disease,” The Trials and Tribulations Training Apes for Blood Pressure Measurement: Under Pressure,” and “This Otter Be Fun! Otter Medicine Made Easy!”.
CELEBRATE NATIONAL DAY OF THE HORSE ON DECEMBER 13th
December 13, 2017 is recognized as National Day of the Horse. Recognized by Congress in 2004, the event was created to encourages people of the United States to be mindful of the contribution of horses to the economy, history, and character of the United States.
The text of United States Senate Resolution 452, which created National Day of the Horse, explains its significance:
“Whereas the horse is a living link to the history of the United States;
Whereas without horses, the economy, history, and character of the United States would be profoundly different;
Whereas horses continue to permeate the society of the United States, as witnessed on movie screens, on open land, and in our own backyards;
Whereas horses are a vital part of the collective experience of the United States and deserve protection and compassion;
Whereas because of increasing pressure from modern society, wild and domestic horses rely on humans for adequate food, water, and shelter; and
Whereas the Congressional Horse Caucus estimates that the horse industry contributes much more than $100,000,000,000 each year to the economy of the United States: Now, therefore, be it Resolved, That the Senate–
(1) designates December 13, 2004, as “National Day of the Horse”, in recognition of the importance of horses to the security, economy, recreation, and heritage of the United States;
(2) encourages all people of the United States to be mindful of the contribution of horses to the economy, history, and character of the United States; and
(3) requests that the President issue a proclamation calling on the people of the United States and interested organizations to observe the day with appropriate programs and activities.”
You can do your part to celebrate by using #NationalDayoftheHorse on social media!
BANFIELD PET HOSPITAL ANNOUNCES DEBT RELIEF PROGRAM FOR VETERINARIANS
In early November, Banfield Pet Hospital unveiled the Banfield Veterinary Student Debt Relief Pilot Program. This marked the latest development in the practice’s commitment to supporting its associates’ financial well-being. The program is set to be launched this month.
Commenting on the necessity of the program, Dr. Daniel Aja, senior vice president & chief medical officer of Banfield Pet Hospital, said, “High levels of veterinary student debt are plaguing the industry, and Banfield is committed to helping veterinarians address the significant burden. As we continue to dedicate ourselves to continuous improvement as a practice, we’re investing in the new Banfield Veterinary Student Debt Relief Pilot Program to support our doctors first and foremost – but also set the bar for the veterinary profession to help address this industry-wide issue.”
The Banfield Veterinary Student Debt Relief Program is characterized by three main elements:
- A low-interest refinancing option with supplementary .25% interest-rate reduction from a third party financial institution.
- A monthly student-loan contribution of $150 paid by Banfield directly on qualifying student loans.
- A one-time $2,500 payment for each qualifying Banfield student program in which the doctor participates prior to graduating.
For more information regarding the program, please click here.
WHAT’S NORMAL FOR A DOG? VETRAX UNLOCKS EVIDENCE-BASED ANSWERS
For some time, the process of defining pet behavior norms has been ill-defined or overly reliant on owner observations. How long should a dog sleep in a 24 hour period? Is it normal for a dog to scratch and how much scratching is too much? These are basic questions often posed to veterinary professionals. Until now, they haven’t had a clear answer.
Technology company AGL believes it has unlocked a way to answer these questions with the help of their wearable sensor Vetrax(R). The company recently published results from 28,000 dog days of data gathered by the sensor.
The results are highlighted by contradictions of commonly accepted norms of pet behavior. Dogs are sleeping less than we think, but are living markedly sedentary lives, walking for just over an hour a day and resting nine hours on average.
According to AGL, this means that veterinary professionals can now “refer to statistics with an evidence base and take ‘average’ behavior into account when making recommendations.”
The findings also revealed surprising trends regarding exercise. On average, dogs walk for just 68 minutes a day and run for 5 minutes. They spend a great deal of time -9 hours- resting. AGL notes, “This can have implications when considering calorie intake in the management of obesity and when thinking about how much stimulation dogs have throughout a normal day.”
Vetrax founder, President and CEO, Marcel Sarzen, explained the importance of the findings, saying, “By monitoring the results from a Vetrax sensor, pet owners and veterinary professionals can identify when a behavior is occurring at a level that’s not usual for that pet. It might be that that isn’t being observed – perhaps because it happens at night or when the owner is out, or even is just a little elevated above normal levels. If we can spot these changes at an early stage, it gives pet parents and veterinarians a great opportunity to take prompt action and achieve better clinical outcomes.”
Professionals can find out how their practice can take part and offer their clients Vetrax monitoring at www.vetrax.com
To view the full press release, please click here.
NOVEMBER IS NATIONAL PET CANCER AWARENESS MONTH
According to the Animal Cancer Foundation, 1 in 4 dogs and 1 in 5 cats will be diagnosed with cancer in their lifetime. This 501(c)(3) organization has made it its mission to buck this trend. The ACF supports this mission by funding research in and increasing public awareness of comparative oncology, the study of naturally-occurring cancers in people and pets.
In support of this mission and in honor of National Pet Cancer Awareness Month, Nationwide® will be donating up to $50k to the Animal Cancer Foundation with your help. For the entire month of November, Nationwide® will donate $5 for every pet cancer e-card you send and every picture or post on social media using #CurePetCancer2017.
For more information on this initiative and access to pet cancer e-cards, please click here.
For further information about the Animal Cancer Foundation and its work, please click here.
SCA PHARMACEUTICALS ISSUES VOLUNTARY NATIONWIDE RECALL OF SPECIFIC PRODUCTS DUE TO POTENTIAL CONTAMINATION
SCA Pharmaceuticals LLC is voluntarily recalling the following lots of the below listed injectable products, mostly analgesics, that have been distributed to both veterinary and human hospitals:
|Product Name||Product Number||Type of Packaging||Indication||SCA Lot Number||Beyond Use Date||Quantity Shipped||Date(s) Distributed|
|Succinylcholine Chloride 20 mg/mL 10 mL syringe||70004-0910- 29||Rigid plastic syringe, 10mL||Skeletal muscle relaxant||20170726@35||10/24/2017||1248||07/27/2017-07/28/2017|
|Hydromorphone 1 mg/mL in 25 mL 0.9% Sodium Chloride||70004-0303- 17||Rigid plastic syringe, 30mL||Analgesic||20170808@52||11/06/2017||128||08/09/2017|
|Fentanyl 2 mcg/mL + Bupivacaine 0.125% in 250 mL 0.9% Sodium Chloride||70004-0231- 40||Flexible plastic IV bag, 250mL||Analgesic||20170814@20||11/12/2017||116||08/16/2017–08/25/2017|
|Hydromorphone 20 mcg/mL + Bupivacaine 0.075% in 50 mL 0.9% Sodium Chloride||70004-0331- 22||Flexible plastic IV bag, 50mL||Analgesic||20170816@65||10/30/2017||60||08/18/2017|
|Morphine 1 mg/mL in 50 mL 0.9% Sodium Chloride||70004-0100- 22||Flexible plastic IV bag, 50mL||Analgesic||20170901@25||11/30/2017||238||09/06/2017–09/27/2017|
|Morphine 1 mg/mL in 100 mL 0.9% Sodium Chloride (CADD)||70004-0100- 63||Flexible plastic bag inside rigid translucent plastic case (CADD), 100mL||Analgesic||20170905@24||12/04/2017||60||09/06/2017–09/18/2017|
|Oxytocin 30 units added to 500 mL Lactated Ringers||70004-0086- 44||Flexible plastic IV bag, 500mL||Precipitate Labor||20170912@13||10/22/2017||450||09/13/2017–09/14/2017|
|Phenylephrine 100 mcg/mL 10 mL in 12 mL syringe||70004-0810- 12||Rigid plastic syringe, 12mL||Hypotension||20170920@53||12/19/2017||1221||09/22/2017|
|Fentanyl 2 mcg/mL (as citrate) Ropivacaine HCl 0.1%||70004-0264- 64||Flexible plastic bag inside rigid translucent plastic case (CADD), 100mL||Analgesic||20170815@26||11/13/2017||20||08/17/2017|
|Calcium Gluconate 2 g added to 50 mL 0.9% Sodium Chloride||70004-0510- 30||Flexible plastic IV bag, 50mL||Hypocalcemia||20170920@20||11/09/2017||76||09/26/2017|
|Rocuronium 10 mg/mL 5 mL in 6 mL syringe||70004-850- 09||Rigid plastic syringe, 6mL||Skeletal muscle relaxant||20171004@4||01/09/2018||487||10/05/2017|
SCA Pharmaceuticals LLC is voluntarily recalling the following lots of the below listed injectable products, mostly analgesics, that have been distributed to both veterinary and human hospitals.
SCA has issued the recall due to the potential that the products may contain microbial contamination.
For more information, please visit https://www.fda.gov/Safety/Recalls/ucm581531.htm.
PETCO OPENS FIRST IN-STORE VETERINARY HOSPITAL
Petco announced the opening of its first veterinary hospital inside a brand new store in Aldine, Texas. The hospital is operated by THRIVE Affordable Vet Care, which specializes in thorough, routine, and high-quality care (including $10 exams).
By the end of 2017, about a dozen more veterinary hospitals will open within existing Petco stores in Texas, California, and Colorado.
Commenting on the openings, Petco CEO Brad Weston said, “By expanding our in-store veterinary services, Petco’s veterinary professionals can help pet parents through every step of their pets’ health and wellness needs, all in one convenient location. Our Aldine location is the first of our new in-store hospital design, and we are excited about bringing more of these locations to the Houston market in the next few months.”
For more information, please click here.
UC DAVIS VETERINARIANS RESCUE KOI FROM CALIFORNIA WILDFIRES
Stories often emerge following natural disasters detailing rescue efforts for displaced animals. Dogs, cats, horses, and other livestock are the usual subjects of these stories.
However, in response to the devastating wildfires in California, the UC Davis Veterinary Emergency Response Team (VERT) sprung into action to rescue an unexpected species of animal – koi fish.
While in the field performing search and rescue operations in Sonoma County, VERT stumbled upon a privately owned koi pond that had been abandoned. It is assumed that the owners, like many others in the area, had no time to save them – all focus had to be placed on getting themselves out in time.
When VERT reached the pond, they had to work quickly. The fish had little time left, as the water had been contaminated with ash, and they were running low on oxygen due to widespread power loss in the area.
The team successfully extracted the fish from the pond, placing them in a horse water trough that had been secured to the back of a pickup truck. Still, the team faced a pressing issue. The trip back to campus would take about 2 hours, and for the fish to survive the trip, they’d need an oxygen supply.
Thinking quickly, the team members utilized a tire pump air compressor, a tube from which was placed carefully in the water to create airflow.
The hastily created transport system was a great success! Upon arrival at the UC Davis Center for Aquatic Biology and Aquaculture, it was discovered that all 10 koi fish had survived.
Once in expert care, the fish began to thrive.
Word began to spread that VERT were rescuing koi and many owners reached out to request that the team visit their properties to rescue their own fish.
The next day, VERT rescued 6 more fish. The third day, 14 more.
The fish will be cared for and monitored until they are cleared to return home.
For more details on this story, please click here.
3 WAYS TO CELEBRATE NATIONAL CAT DAY IN YOUR VETERINARY PRACTICE
On Sunday October 29th, National Cat Day is celebrated in the United States. There are many ways pet owners can celebrate their feline friends, but what about the veterinarians who take care to ensure their well-being throughout their lives? These committed individuals can celebrate in a number of ways, but we urge them to consider these three:
- Utilize the platform your veterinary practice provides by spreading the word about National Cat Day: Flyers, conversations with clients, and email blasts are all effective means of getting the word out!
- In the same vein, use your platform to advocate for those cats and kittens who are without a home: Display literature or talk to your clients about adoption. Get in contact with your local shelter or cat rescue to ensure you have up-to-date information on hand.
- Educate cat owners: Place an emphasis on educating these clients regarding the key factors determinant to feline health. Discuss the importance of routine exams, dental well-checks and cleanings, and basic blood and urine tests when needed.
OCTOBER IS NATIONAL ADOPT A SHELTER DOG MONTH
October is officially recognized as Adopt -a-Shelter-Dog Month and the ASPCA is leading the charge! The society is urging animal lovers across the country to commemorate the occasion by doing their part to help raise awareness for homeless animals. The purpose of this observed event is to call attention to the alarming statistics regarding homeless animals in your community. It is an unfortunate fact that only 20 to 30 percent of cats and dogs are adopted from shelters and rescue groups.
Speaking on the issue, Gail Buchwald, senior vice president of the ASPCA Adoption Center, said, “There are 3 to 4 million dogs living in shelters nationwide who would make a fantastic addition to anybody’s family, all they need is a second chance.” It is her hope that the annual observation of this month may help in part to curb this issue. “During Adopt-a-Shelter-Dog Month, the ASPCA encourages everyone to visit their local shelter, adopt one of these amazing animals or help us spread the word to potential pet owners to make pet adoption their first option.”
There are many ways you can do your part as a member of a veterinary practice and an animal lover. From spreading awareness on social media and speaking with your clients and peers, to making the commitment to adopt.. you can make an impact.
Please visit the links below for more information and ideas to help you celebrate this important event:
FIRST GLOBAL VETERINARY DENTISTRY GUIDELINES BY WSAVA
WSAVA has launched the first set of Global Guidelines for veterinary dentistry, with the goal of supporting veterinarians around the world in improving recognition of dental disease and in providing a higher standard of dental care to patients. Through introduction of the Guidelines, WSAVA hopes to bring dentistry to the forefront in the veterinary curriculum.
The Guidelines were launched on September 24th, during WSAVA World Congress in Copenhagen. As described in a WSAVA press release, the Guidelines “Include information and images of oral anatomy and common pathology, as well as best practice recommendations for oral examinations and an easily implementable dental health scoring system. Evidence-based guidance on periodontal therapy, radiology and dental extractions is also included, together with details of minimum equipment recommendations.”
One of the key themes driving the Guideline’s agenda is vehement opposition of anesthesia-free dentistry (AFD), which it describes as “ineffective” while also subjecting patients to undue stress and suffering.
The Guidelines were the brainchild of WSAVA’s Global Dental Guidelines Committee (DGC), which includes veterinary dentists from five continents, working in conjunction with representatives from WSAVA’s Global Pain Council, Global Nutrition and Animal Wellness and Welfare Committees.
For insight from the co-chair of the WSAVA DGC, click here.
For more information on the Guidelines, click here.
STEM CELL TREATMENT FOR SPINA BIFIDA HELPS DOGS AND CHILDREN AT UC DAVIS
An innovative procedure has led to groundbreaking progress in spina bifida treatment in dogs and children. The unique therapy was developed at UC Davis by a team of veterinary and human medicine researchers and clinicians. It utilizes a combination of surgery and stem cells. A pair of English bulldog puppies were the first patients to be successfully treated.
A number of individuals had a hand in the treatment’s development, starting with Dr. Dori Borjesson, professor of pathology, microbiology and immunology and director of the Veterinary Institute for Regenerative Cures (VIRC) at the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine, and Dr. Aijun Wang, assistant professor of surgery and co-director of the Surgical Bioengineering Laboratory (SBL) at the UC Davis School of Medicine. Dr. Borjesson and Dr. Wang collaborated to “identify diseases that affect both people and animals in order to pioneer unique regenerative medicine cures for these diseases.” In the case of the bulldog puppies, Borjesson and Wang developed placental stem cells then characterized and combined them with a tissue-engineered scaffolding to optimize treatment by UC Davis veterinary surgeons.
Dr. Diana Farmer, professor and chief of surgery at the UC Davis School of Medicine, is credited with the development of the surgical techniques. She “pioneered the use of surgery prior to birth to improve brain development in children with spina bifida.”
These research developments are believed to be groundbreaking, giving new hope to dogs afflicted by the condition, while also providing a basis to inform human clinical trials for babies with the birth defect.
For an in-depth description of the surgical process, please click here.
COMPANIES EXPAND TERMS OF DIABETES PET CARE ALLIANCE PROGRAM
Exciting news has emerged regarding the ongoing fight against diabetes in pet care. According to Diabetes Pet Care Alliance, the number of veterinarians that can enroll in their annual educational program will no longer be capped. This announcement come at a good time, as both canine and feline diabetes diagnoses are on the rise.
For the last four years, the Diabetes Pet Care Alliance and its partners, Merck Animal Health, Purina, and Zoetis have helped veterinary practices “diagnose new canine and feline diabetes cases and jump-start management of the disease.” The program is timed around Pet Diabetes Month in November, facilitating the screening of thousands of pets since the program’s inception. In 2016 alone, an estimated 300 pets were diagnosed by veterinarians from participating practices.
Veterinarians who enroll in the Diabetes Pet Care Alliance program gain access to tools and resources related to diabetes awareness and screening. In addition, clients whose pets are diagnosed during the program period receive a free disease management kit from participating clinics. The kits include the following:
- One AlphaTRAK® 2 Blood Glucose Monitoring System from Zoetis
- One 6-pound bag of Purina® Pro Plan® Veterinary Diets DM Dietetic Management® Feline Formula for cats or Purina® Pro Plan®Veterinary Diets EN Gastroenteric Fiber Balance® Dry Formula for dogs
- One 10 mL vial of Vetsulin® (porcine insulin zinc suspension) from Merck Animal Health
Program enrollment is now open and closes on October 31st. To enroll, please visit usa.petdiabetesmonth.com.
COMPANION ANIMAL HEALTH JOINS ANIMAL HEALTH CORRIDOR
The renowned Kansas City Animal Health Corridor (KCAHC) has a new member. In a press release, Companion Animal Health® announced that with the opening of a regional office in Lee’s Summit, MO, the company has joined “the ranks of over 300 animal health companies, that together represent over half of the ‘total worldwide animal health, diagnostics and pet food sales.’”
John Mercurio, Vice President of Companion Animal Health, commenting on the occasion, said, “This is an incredible opportunity for us here at Companion. The ability to collaborate with other members of this ever-changing industry will not only assist us in serving our own customers better, but also allow us to play a role in shaping the future of the industry itself.”
For more information, please click here.
WORLD RABIES DAY: SEPTEMBER 28th
Worldwide, more than 55,000 people are killed every year as a result of rabies infections. Here in the United States, there were more than 6,000 reported cases of animal rabies in 2014 and annually it kills one or two Americans.
World Rabies Day, launched in 2007 by the Global Alliance for Rabies Control, is the first and only global day of action and awareness for rabies prevention. According to the GARC, the day “Focuses on rabies endemic countries, to increase community awareness of the disease and its prevention…[and] raises the profile of national and local control programs and acts as a springboard for year-round capacity building and awareness.”
The GARC urges the public to get involved in a variety of ways, including signing a pledge to end rabies by 2030, organizing an event for World Rabies Day, and creating a custom World Rabies Day poster to share and promote awareness.
So, what role do veterinarians play in the fight against rabies? A big one, according to Dr. Charles Rupprecht, former chief of the rabies program at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, who said, “Your local veterinarian plays a key role in controlling rabies.”
There are many resources veterinarians can utilize to promote awareness among clients and in turn, foster prevention. In addition to organizing an event for World Rabies Day, as urged by the GARC, veterinarians can spread awareness inside their practices. This can be achieved by: displaying World Rabies Day posters around their clinic; offering client brochures on the topics of rabies and dog bite prevention; and adding rabies prevention buttons to their clinic’s website. (Kudos to the AVMA for putting together this informative list!)
THE DEBATE OVER LIVE-OR-DIE TESTS CONTINUES
For many years, animal shelters have utilized various behavioral tests to determine whether a dog is fit for adoption. One example involves extending a plastic hand towards a dog’s bowl of food as it eats. Many dogs fail this test, lunging at the hand and biting instantly. Unfortunately, the results of these types of tests can determine a dog’s fate–life or death. Shelters are forced to euthanize a sizeable number of dogs if they are determined to be unfit for adoption by behavioral testing.
However, new developments have led researchers to question the reliability of these behavioral tests. Now, shelters are “wrestling with whether to abandon behavior testing altogether in their work to match dogs with adopters and determine which may be too dangerous to be released.”
To learn more about the ongoing debate over behavioral testing in shelters, please click here.
CANINE COUGH OUTBREAKS REPORTED IN MULTIPLE REGIONS
A severe (in some cases fatal) upper respiratory infection has increased in prevalence among dogs. The first reported cases of the infection came from Bozeman, Montana, where practitioners believed the transmission was slowing, but now appears to have not been contained to the city. According to VIN, “Reports from practitioners in Georgia, Missouri, Wyoming, and Billings, Montana…suggest the problem is not confined to Bozeman.”
The outbreak in Bozeman began late last spring, afflicting at least 1,000 dogs. Practitioners are still attempting to identify the source. Dr. Christian Leutenegger, director of molecular diagnostics at IDEXX Laboratories, Inc., offered, “We are frantically trying to identify the source–it is not the flu (influenza H3N2 or H3NE or any other type A influenza strain). We did find some other pathogens, bt they are not really frequent enough to make them responsible for the outbreak.”
While no clear source has been identified, extensive testing is ongoing. For more information, please click here.
THE PET NUTRITION ALLIANCE CALCULATOR: “A GREAT TOOL FOR VETERINARIANS AND PET OWNERS”
At the Pet Nutrition Alliance Board meeting, held in conjunction with AVMA Convention 2017, PNA revealed a newly revamped website. The AVMA has lauded the upgrade, saying it will make it easier for veterinary health care teams “to more effectively use the website’s nutritional calculator for dogs and cats.”
According to PNA President Dr. Lisa Freeman, “The calculator can help the veterinary team determine the right number of calories for an individual pet, and make nutritional assessments and recommendations to help their patients maintain or achieve their healthy weight.”
For more information on the calculator and it’s role in practice, please click here.
FIRST GENOMIC BIOMARKERS IN EXTRACELLULAR VESICLES IN VETERINARY PATIENTS
A new discovery has been made by researchers at Tufts University. “Important biomarkers have been found in extracellular vesicles in dogs with myxomatous mitral valve disease and congestive heart failure.” This is noted as the first biomarker discovery based on extracellular vesicles in a veterinary disease.
According to the report, “The genomic material (microRNA, or miRNA) were isolated in small extracellular vesicles called exosome, which circulate in blood.” This could prove as an important advancement in the diagnosis and treatment of myxomatous mitral valve disease in dogs. The study’s findings may provide benefits to the treatment of a similar disease in humans, mitral valve prolapse.
For a full summary and breakdown of the research, please click here.
VETERINARIANS URGING AVMA TO DISCUSS MARIJUANA IN ANIMALS
After a directive was put forth by the AVMA House of Delegates asking the Board to consider “pushing the federal government to reclassify cannabis as a way to facilitate research to understand its medical and therapeutic uses,” the issue has been added to an agenda for discussion. Without collective support within the profession, some vets fear human doctors will attempt to intervene.
The purpose of the discussion is to address the possibility of the AVMA joining advocates for human medicine by asking that marijuana be reclassified as a Schedule II drug. In order to decipher the effects and negate unregulated abuse of the drug, veterinarians hope the reclassification will pave the way for further research.
Michigan delegate Dr. Kathleen Smiler pointed to an unfavorable trend as further reason for the issue to be brought to the forefront of the AVMA. According to Smiler, “human neurologists are trying to peddle marijuana for problems in veterinary medicine.”
For more details on this developing story, please click here.
FIRST-EVER AIRPORT VETERINARY HOSPITAL OPENS AT JFK
On June 8th, history was made at JFK. Compassion-First Pet Hospitals opened AirHeart Pet Hospital at New York’s iconic airport. The hospital is located inside the ARK, “the world’s first privately owned, 24-hour animal terminal and airport quarantine center at JFK.” AirHeart Pet Hospital’s mission is to provide crucial medical care for animals making their way through and living around JFK.
As you may have guessed, “AirHeart” is indeed inspired by groundbreaking aviator Amelia Earhart. The hospital hopes to pay homage to the historic figure by becoming a pioneer in its own work, as the first “distinctly branded, ground-up hospital with the sole purpose to serve…veterinary medical needs in an airport setting.” John Payne, CEO of Compassion-First Pet Hospitals, confirmed his belief in this purpose-driven project, saying, “With more than two million pets and other live animals being transported annually in the U.S., veterinary medical care is critically needed. We strongly believe this will be a model to carry forward to other airports across the country and perhaps across the globe.”
Lauren Jordon, DVM of AirHeart, added, “Because of our location, we will face some of the most interesting medical challenges, so we have ensured our state-of-the-art facility and the professional staff are fully equipped to meet any issue that comes our way.”
AirHeart cut no costs in its efforts to provide first-class veterinary care to JFK patrons. The hospital is fully staffed with five veterinarians, 13 licensed veterinary technicians and 13 veterinary assistants. The staff is housed in a state-of-the-art facility, featuring “six exam rooms, two isolation wards, three patient wards, a radiology suite, a dental/special procedures suite, two operating rooms, an instrument and surgery prep area, a treatment room, pharmacy and a lab area.”
Initially, AirHeart will be open Monday through Saturday 8am-6pm, with hours expected to be extended beginning on July 31st to Monday through Saturday from 8am-12am and on Sundays from 8am to 6pm.
For more information, click here.
RED BANK VETERINARY HOSPITAL ELEVATES CANCER CARE WITH GROUNDBREAKING TECHNOLOGY AND NEW OPTIONS FOR CANCER PATIENTS
Red Bank Veterinary Hospital (RBVH) in Tinton Falls, NJ recently took a trailblazing step in the advancement of pet cancer care. It introduced the Varian Trilogy Linear Accelerator for Stereotactic Radiation as a new component of care in their practice. By becoming one of the first veterinary hospitals to incorporate Trilogy its practice, RBVH hopes to utilize the state-of-the-art technology to “compliment a wide range of supporting medical services to promote health, longevity and positive outcomes for pets.”
The Trilogy uses “sophisticated technology to map the shape of the cancerous tumors and deliver radiation treatments with extreme precision and dose control.” Its advanced technology allows it to assess and treat a multitude of tumor types, including: oral, nasal, bone, lung, spinal, heart base, and brain.
The excitement surrounding the Trilogy’s utilization at RBVH is clear.
“This amazing, advanced technology allows the delivery of higher doses of SRT with remarkable accuracy, reducing the number of treatment sessions and anesthetic episodes required, and virtually eliminating all side effects,” says Dustin Lewis, DVM, DACVR (RO), a Radiation Oncologist at RBVH. For more information about the Trilogy system and the great work being done at RBVH, click here.
CANINE INFLUENZA OUTBREAK: SOUTHEAST U.S. ON ALERT
H3N2, the viral influenza strain that afflicted dogs in the Chicago area back in March 2015, has reappeared in a number of areas in the southeastern United States. The outbreak two years ago spread through Chicago-area animal shelter where dogs affected by the virus exhibited a sickness marked by fever, coughing, sneezing, and other respiratory ailments. In addition to decreased appetites, some dogs even progressed to secondary pneumonia. “The virus is highly contagious, and dogs seem to be able to spread it even before they are clinically ill.”
Warning signs began to spread throughout the southeastern United States after the AKC issued a statement in early June regarding reports of sick dogs from Georgia and Florida dog shows. The College of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Florida confirmed this viral strain to be the same H3N2 strain that afflicted the Chicago area two years ago. Later, in mid-June, reports of canine influenza began surfacing in a number of other southeastern states, including North and South Carolina, Tennessee, and Kentucky. Some dogs in Texas and Illinois were also reportedly affected by the virus.
Central Florida media outlets are reporting that more than 82 dogs have been infected in the state, killing at least four of them. In addition, the outbreak in the state has led to the temporary closures of both a leading Orlando shelter and an Orange County boarding facility.
For prevention and treatment tips, click here.
STATE OF PET HEALTH 2017 REPORT
Banfield Pet Hospital recently released their 2017 edition of the State of Pet Health Report. This year’s report focuses its attention on alarming statistics associated with a marked increase in overweight pets in our country. The report analyzes medical data gathered from pets at 3 million Banfield hospitals across the United States, Washington, D.C. and Puerto Rico.
Two key takeaways: One in three pets that visited a Banfield hospital in 2016 was diagnosed as overweight or obese. In addition, over the past 10 years, Banfield witnessed a 169 percent increase in overweight cats and a 158 percent increase in overweight dogs.
The purpose of the report, according to Banfield president Brian Garish: “We saw an opportunity to highlight this growing problem in our profession, as well as educate pet owners on the signs of overweight/obesity, the costs associated with these extra pounds and what they can do at home and in partnership with their veterinarian to keep their pets at a healthy weight.” For the first time, the report is available for viewing in its entirety online.
Multiple Rawhide Chew Products Being Pulled from Shelves
According to Petful.com, “A substantial amount of products have been added to an existing rawhide chew recall.” The recall stems from the inclusion of an unapproved additive (quaternary ammonium compound mixture) in the products, made by United Pet Group.
According to the recall report, “Exposure to quaternary ammonium compounds through direct ingestion may cause the following symptoms in dogs: reduced appetite, and gastric irritation including diarrhea and vomiting. These symptoms may require treatment by a veterinarian depending on severity.” For the full list of products included in the recall, click here.
Liver Enzyme Interpretation and Liver Function Tests
Early detection is vital for the effective treatment of liver disease. Diagnosis often relies on serum biochemical testing and possible liver function testing. This article reviews the interpretation and limitations of serum liver enzyme activity and liver function tests. View full article.
ALS Test Proves Useful in Canine Neurodegenerative Disease Research
Researchers at the University of Missouri have discovered that the same biomarker test applied for the diagnosis of ALS in humans may also be used on canines who show symptoms of degenerative myelopathy (DM). A disease that presents itself in the spinal cord of older dogs, most canines begin showing symptoms between the ages of 8 and 14. Most notably, DM has been confirmed in purebred breeds such as Gernam Shepherds, Boxers, and Pembroke Welsh Corgis. With no definitive test diagnostic test available, veterinarians are forced to play a game of elimination to determine if a dog is afflicted by DM. Even after ruling out all other possibilities, the only way to confirm the existence of the disease is through an autopsy.
Similar to the development of ALS, early indicators of DM include dimished coordination in the hind limbs, eventually leading to full paralysis. This progression is caused by degeneration of matter in the spinal cord. Eight years ago, a team of researchers at the University of Missouri led by veterinary neurologist Joan Coates identified a genetic link between DM in dogs and ALS in humans. Building on this connection, Coates and her team have found a dual-acting biomarker test that helps in the diagnosis of ALS and assists in producing a conclusive diagnosis of DM. View full story.
The field of assisted reproduction in horses saw a breakthrough as a result of the work of scientists at a Belgium university. A foal was born using a vitrified immature oocyte. The stallion, named VICSI, was born at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Ghent University, Belgium earlier this month. It’s name stems from the two key techniques utilized to achieve its birth–Vitrification and ICSI.
Vitrification and ICSI are crucial to the process due to the extreme sensitivity of oocytes to low temperatures in comparison to other embryos. According to Science Daily, this development yields a number of opportunities, especially for the conservation of genetics of rare or endangered horse breeds like zebras. View full story.
Behavior Medications: Which Medicine, Which Patient?
Multimodoal treatment is the preferred approach in veterinary behavioral medicine. At the core of state-of-the-art multimodal treatment is smart, rational, and effective use of behavioral medication. This article offers helpful tips to gain a better understanding of this process, so you can make smart and effective decisions when choosing behavioral medications. View full article.