Dermatology

Features

Canine Atopic Dermatitis: Updates on Diagnosis and Treatment

Canine atopic dermatitis is a common skin disorder defined as a hereditary predisposition to develop pruritic inflammatory skin disease associated with IgE antibodies, which typically target environmental allergens. The disease typically affects dogs age 6 months to 3 years and is characterized by pruritus and secondary skin lesions of a characteristic distribution around the face (mouth, eyes), concave aspect of the ear pinnae, ventral abdomen, flexor aspects of elbow, carpal, and tarsal joints, interdigital skin, and perineal area. This article will help practitioners determine which flare factors (or environmental conditions) are responsible for CAD.

Features

Dermatology Diagnostics: Skin Scrapes, Hair Plucks, and More

Parasites, such as chiggers and scabies-causing mites, can cause tremendous itching. Fungal organisms, such as dermatophytes, can affect the hair, resulting in fracturing and large areas of crusting, nodules, or excoriations. Not all dermal problems come from external threats; various breed-related issues, such as color-dilution alopecia, pattern baldness, and many autoimmune diseases, can develop over time. Here’s how to investigate some dermal conditions in cats and dogs.

Features

Dermatology Diagnostics: Cutaneous Biopsy

Biopsy is often an important diagnostic step in determining the cause of cutaneous disease. An accurate diagnosis requires appropriate timing of the biopsy, careful site selection and biopsy technique, selection of a dermatopathologist.

Features

Dermatology Diagnostics: Cutaneous Cytology

The best method for obtaining material from the ear is with a cotton-tipped applicator; however, the health of the ear may limit access to sampling sites. For example, if a dog has end-stage proliferative ear disease, the degree of stenosis…

DMCA.com Protection Status
MENU