Imaging EssentialsUltrasonography of the Adrenal Glands
Elizabeth Huynh, DVM Clifford R. Berry, DVM, DACVR University of Florida Welcome to our series of articles on small animal abdominal ultrasonography. The initial articles provided an overview of basic ultrasonography principles and a discussion about how to perform a systematic scan of the abdomen. The rest of the series discusses ultrasound evaluation of specific …
Imaging EssentialsUltrasonography of Peritoneal and Retroperitoneal Spaces and Abdominal Lymph Nodes
Clifford R. Berry, DVM, DACVR; Elizabeth Huyhn, DVM; and Danielle Mauragis, CVT, University of Florida Welcome to our series of articles on small animal abdominal ultrasonography. The initial articles provided an overview of basic ultrasonography principles and a discussion about how to perform a systematic scan of the abdomen. The rest of the series discusses …
Imaging Essentials: Interpretation of Dental Radiographs in Dogs and CatsPart 2: Normal Variations and Abnormal Findings
This article focuses on interpretation of normal anatomic variations as well as congenital and pathologic abnormal findings on dental radiographs in dogs and cats (Box 1). Both articles assume the reader is familiar with basic dental radiographic acquisition techniques, concepts, and skills…
Continuing Education: Liver Enzyme Interpretation and Liver Function Tests
Hepatobiliary disease is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in dogs and cats and can present a diagnostic challenge for two main reasons. First, patient signalment varies because liver disease and dysfunction can occur
Feline-Friendly ArticleUncovering the Cause of Fever in Cats
The normal body temperature range in cats is 38.1°C to 39.2°C (100.5°F–102.5°F). Fever of unknown origin (FUO) in cats is classified as a temperature higher than 39.7°C (103.5°F) measured at least 4 times in a 2-week period without an identified cause.
Imaging EssentialsSmall Animal Abdominal Ultrasonography: The Spleen
Along the visceral surface border of the spleen, the hilum is surrounded by fat, where splenic vessels can be found. The splenic portal veins can be seen originating from the splenic hilum and can be traced between the stomach and colon to a…
How I Treat…Otitis Media/InternaAn Interview with Dr. Lori Thompson
In this How I Treat interview, Lori Thompson, DVM, DACVD, answers our questions about key treatment protocols for otitis media/interna. Otitis media—inflammation of the middle ear structures, occurs in dogs and cats of all ages and presents unilaterally or bilaterally.
Imaging EssentialsInterpretation of Dental Radiographs in Dogs & CatsPart 1: Principles & Normal Findings
Dental radiography is considered part of the standard of care for dogs and cats undergoing dental intervention. Radiographs are essential for identifying and documenting the nature and severity of dental disorders and conditions.
Diagnosing Acute Blindness in Dogs
Vision loss can occur gradually or manifest acutely in dogs, but acute and complete blindness can be particularly devastating. The abrupt nature of this blindness is very disconcerting for all involved and pet owners may make hasty conclusions and decisions. A thorough general and ophthalmic history is crucially important to the investigation of blindness because differential diagnoses can be quite different depending upon the onset and duration of the deficits. As the history is being gathered, confirmation of vision—or the lack thereof—should be performed. Note that some patients—those with neurologic disease and aged animals with cognitive dysfunction—may behave as if they are visually impaired even though their visual systems are functional.