Yorkshire Terrier’s Leg Bones Regrown by UC Davis Surgeons Following a Severe Nonunion Fracture
UC Davis orthopedic surgeon Dr. Amy Kapatkin uses bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) to regrow the bones in the leg of a Yorkshire Terrier against great odds.
Gait Abnormality: Musculoskeletal or Neurologic Condition?
TIME-SAVING ASSESSMENT Have a veterinary nurse video record the patient’s gait with a smartphone. When an animal is presented to you with a history of lameness or a gait abnormality, you need to determine whether the problem is musculoskeletal, neurologic, or both, so you can recommend the appropriate treatment. To arrive at an appropriate diagnosis, …
Juvenile Orthopedic Disease in Dogs & Cats, Part 2: Congenital & Neonatal Orthopedic Diseases
Neonatal diseases are apparent at birth or within the first 3 to 4 weeks of life. While these diseases are often congenital and inherited, a direct cause for each disease has not yet been determined, and other causes, such as in utero factors, may play a role…
Regenerative Medicine for Soft Tissue Injury & Osteoarthritis
Regenerative medicine is often used as an adjunct to surgical, medical, and/or rehabilitation therapy in a multimodal approach to treat a condition or injury. As with any other treatment modality, it is important to obtain a definitive diagnosis and tailor an appropriate treatment plan for the patient.
Juvenile Orthopedic Disease in Dogs & Cats, Part 1: Musculoskeletal Development & Pediatric Bone Diseases
This article describes musculoskeletal development and provides an overview of pediatric bone diseases, including signalment, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis.
Canine Gait Analysis
Gait evaluation typically includes visual and/or subjective observation of the dog from a number of angles at both the walk and trot on a flat surface. To the trained eye, lameness can often be detected upon gait evaluation. However, a more subtle lameness may not be apparent on subjective gait evaluation and can be difficult to detect.
Canine Orthopedic Devices
Brittany Jean Carr, DVM, CCRT, and David L. Dycus, DVM, MS, Diplomate ACVS (Small Animal) Veterinary Orthopedic & Sports Medicine Group, Annapolis Junction, Maryland Orthopedic devices can be used to supplement or replace surgical treatment of cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) insufficiency, shoulder injury, carpal and tarsal injury, hip luxation, and limb salvage with prosthetics. Although …
A Practitioner’s Guide to Fracture Management, Part 3: Selection of Internal Fixation Technique
The advantages of addressing long bone fractures with internal fixation versus external coaptation include early return to function and maintenance of joint motion. Internal fixation is indicated for fractures that:
•Are subjected to compression, shearing, and/or tensile forces
•Are comminuted and/or long oblique
•Cannot be reduced appropriately (see The 50/50 Rule).
A Practitioner’s Guide to Fracture Management, Part 2: Selection of Fixation Technique & External Coaptation
Meredith Kapler, DVM North Carolina State University David Dycus, DVM, MS, Diplomate ACVS (Small Animal) Veterinary Orthopedic & Sports Medicine Group, Annapolis Junction, Maryland Fractures occur commonly in both dogs and cats and, therefore, are frequently seen in general practice. It is important for veterinarians to understand: Fracture biomechanics, classification, and diagnosis Selection of correct …