Treating Periodontal Disease in General Practice
The keys to treating and controlling periodontal disease in companion animals and humans are the same: removal and prevention of accumulated plaque. Bacterial plaque and its inflammatory byproducts are the instigating agents of periodontal disease in the form of gingivitis; however, the body’s individual response determines the progression of disease.
Current Concepts in Periodontal Disease
Of the most common health problems of companion animals throughout their life, dental disease stands out as the number 1 concern. Sadly, many owners and veterinarians still misunderstand the significant effects of periodontal disease, believing them to be limited to bad breath and tooth loss. This lack of understanding, combined with improper or outdated diagnostic methods, can lead to delayed therapy at best and misdiagnosis at worst. Intervention by veterinarians and educated owners is the only solution to improving health and alleviating distress in these patients.
Chronic Pancreatitis in Cats
Pancreatitis is common among cats, although its exact incidence is unknown. The disease can take several forms—acute, chronic, and acute on chronic (an episode of acute pancreatitis in a patient with chronic pancreatitis)—and differentiating among the forms clinically and making an antemortem diagnosis in cats remain challenging.
Diagnosis, Treatment, and Management of Leptospirosis in Dogs
Leptospirosis is an emerging zoonotic disease found throughout most of the United States. Leptospirosis affects many organ systems and varies in severity; clinical signs range from none or mild and self-limiting to severe with acute kidney injury, hepatopathy, and/or vasculitis. Fortunately, the prognosis for most patients is favorable with appropriate medical care.
Chiari-like Malformation: An Overview
The clinical signs of Chiari-like malformation are often confused with other otologic and dermatologic conditions, which may delay appropriate treatment. Definitive diagnosis is made using MRI of the brain and cervical spinal cord.
Evaluating and Managing Chronic Cough in Dogs
Chronic cough in dogs is a common presenting complaint in small animal practice. This article focuses on respiratory causes of chronic cough in dogs.
Post-grooming furunculosis in dogs is a deep bacterial folliculitis. A presumptive diagnosis is based on history and clinical signs.
Lead and Zinc Toxicity in Birds
When it comes to heavy-metal poisoning, lead and zinc are the most commonly reported of avian toxicoses in both captive and free-ranging birds.
Hypervitaminosis A in Reptiles
In reptiles, the clinical signs of hypervitaminosis A are typically manifested in the skin. Reptiles with chronic hypervitaminosis A require long-term support and wound management as well as routine check-ups.